Abstract

Several optical methods including ultraviolet absorption, infrared absorption of the hydroxyl ions, Raman spectroscopy, and the Z-scan method have been used to determine the damage resistance threshold in 0–0.72 mol. % Zr-containing, flux-grown, nearly stoichiometric LiNbO3 single crystals. All spectroscopical methods used indicate that samples containing at least 0.085mol.% Zr in the crystal are above the threshold while Z-scan data locate the photorefractive damage threshold between 0.085 and 0.314 mol. % Zr.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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