Abstract

We investigate experimentally the eigenmodes of a Gaussian-beam-pumped traveling-wave phase-sensitive optical parametric amplifier (PSA). By varying the waist of an input LG00 signal mode, we show that PSA performance improves with increasing spatial overlap between the input and the theoretically predicted fundamental eigenmode. For optimum waist, we report amplification and deamplification markedly higher than those observed for the traditional case of signal waist=2× (pump waist). Lastly, we demonstrate the generation and verification of the PSA fundamental eigenmode.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Fabre, J. B. Fouet, and A. Maître, Opt. Lett. 25, 76 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. I. Kolobov and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3789 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Dutton, J. H. Shapiro, and S. Guha, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A63 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.
  8. D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S.-K. Choi, R.-D. Li, C. Kim, and P. Kumar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1564 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Kim, R.-D. Li, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 19, 26710 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.
  15. S. Serati and K. Bauchert, Proc. SPIE 112, 3715 (1999).

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Z. Dutton, J. H. Shapiro, and S. Guha, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. I. Kolobov and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3789 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, J. B. Fouet, and A. Maître, Opt. Lett. 25, 76 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Serati and K. Bauchert, Proc. SPIE 112, 3715 (1999).

S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (2)

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, R.-D. Li, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alon, G.

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

Annamalai, M.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 19, 26710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.

Bauchert, K.

S. Serati and K. Bauchert, Proc. SPIE 112, 3715 (1999).

Beck, M.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, V.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.-K.

S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Choi, R.-D. Li, C. Kim, and P. Kumar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

Z. Dutton, J. H. Shapiro, and S. Guha, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

Fabre, C.

C. Fabre, J. B. Fouet, and A. Maître, Opt. Lett. 25, 76 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Kolobov and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3789 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Faridani, A.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fouet, J. B.

Guha, S.

Z. Dutton, J. H. Shapiro, and S. Guha, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

Kim, C.

Kolobov, M. I.

M. I. Kolobov and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3789 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 19, 26710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Choi, R.-D. Li, C. Kim, and P. Kumar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, R.-D. Li, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 19, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.

Lett, P. D.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.-D.

Lim, O.-K.

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

Maître, A.

Marino, A. M.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pooser, R. C.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Serati, S.

S. Serati and K. Bauchert, Proc. SPIE 112, 3715 (1999).

Shapiro, J. H.

Smithey, D. T.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stelmakh, N.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 19, 26710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.

Vasilyev, M.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 19, 26710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Vasilyev, M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

S.-K. Choi, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1938 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Kolobov and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3789 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Serati and K. Bauchert, Proc. SPIE 112, 3715 (1999).

Science (1)

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

O.-K. Lim, G. Alon, Z. Dutton, S. Guha, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Optical resolution enhancement with phase-sensitive preamplification,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2010), paper CTuPP7.

M. Annamalai, N. Stelmakh, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, “Compact representation of spatial modes of phase-sensitive image amplifier,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland (2011), paper JThB77.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Overlap between the fundamental eigenmode (for ap=40μm, P=500W) and an LG00 beam as a function of its waist as. Dashed lines mark the overlap for a signal with as=56μm, traditionally assumed to have perfect wavefront matching.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simplified block diagram of the experimental setup. 4F-T, 4-F telescope; DET, detector; DM, dichroic mirror; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; PSA, phase-sensitive amplifier; PZM, piezo-mounted mirror; SHG, second-harmonic generation; SLM, spatial light modulator. The dashed line in the PSA shows the position of the SLM image.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

PSA gain versus pump power for a Gaussian signal mode at peak overlap (35 μm, closed symbols) and near traditional waist (50 μm, open symbols). Solid (dashed) lines denote the corresponding theory for 35 μm (50 μm) waist.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

PSA gain as a function of Gaussian signal waist. Two different regimes were investigated at slightly different pump peak powers: waists under 35 μm and waists between 35 μm and 52 μm. Theory plotted with solid lines has no fitting parameters, whereas the dashed lines denote theory corrected for phase fluctuations δϕ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

PSA gain versus pump power for the experimentally generated fundamental eigenmode (closed symbols) along with theory corrected for phase fluctuations (solid lines). For comparison 35 μm LG00 theory without phase fluctuations (dashed lines) is also shown.

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