Abstract

We report the first demonstration of soliton self-frequency shift (SSFS) controlled by a weak continuous-wave (CW) laser, from a tellurite photonic crystal fiber pumped by a 1560 nm femtosecond fiber laser. The control of SSFS is performed by the cross-gain modulation of the 1560 nm femtosecond laser. By varying the input power of the weak CW laser (1560 nm) from 0 to 1.17 mW, the soliton generated in the tellurite photonic crystal fiber blue shifts from 1935 to 1591 nm. The dependence of the soliton wavelength on the operation wavelength of the weak CW laser is also measured. The results show the CW laser with a wavelength tunable range of 1530–1592 nm can be used to control the SSFS generation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

M. Matsuura, O. Raz, F. Gomez-Agis, N. Calabretta, and H. J. S. Dorren, Opt. Express 19, B551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2008

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, Opt. Commun. 265, 322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumar and A. E. Willner, Opt. Express 14, 5092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. W. Walewski, M. R. Borden, and S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 79, 937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 449 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Maeda and L. Occhi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1986

Borden, M. R.

J. W. Walewski, M. R. Borden, and S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 79, 937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y. T.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Chan, M. C.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chia, S. H.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Desevedavy, F.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

El-Amraoui, M.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fatome, J.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gadret, G.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Agis, F.

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 449 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, C. L.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M. C.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Howe, J. V.

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 449 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jhon, Y. M.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jules, J.-C.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

Knight, J. C.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

Liao, M. S.

Lim, H.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. Y.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Liu, T. M.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, Y.

Y. Maeda and L. Occhi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, M.

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Morel, P.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, Opt. Commun. 265, 322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 449 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Occhi, L.

Y. Maeda and L. Occhi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Okamura, R.

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

Qin, G. S.

Qin, W.

Raz, O.

Russell, P. St. J.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S. T.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Walewski, M. R. Borden, and S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 79, 937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharaiha, A.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, Opt. Commun. 265, 322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. K.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Tian, Q.

Topomondzo, J.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, Opt. Commun. 265, 322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T. H.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walewski, J. W.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Walewski, M. R. Borden, and S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 79, 937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wise, F. W.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Woo, D. H.

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

Zhao, D.

Zheltikov, A. M.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Walewski, M. R. Borden, and S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 79, 937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Fatome, B. Kibler, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Desevedavy, and F. Smektala, Electron. Lett. 47, 398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Electron. Lett. 40, 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, J. V. Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C. K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 900 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Maeda and L. Occhi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 449 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, Opt. Commun. 265, 322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup. (b) GVD profile of the fabricated fiber. Inset: cross section of the fabricated fiber. (c) Measured gain dependence for the 1560 nm femtosecond seed laser on the power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser when the tunable CW laser at 1560 nm was switched on (0.17mW) (red solid circle) or off (blue triangle). Inset: measured gain spectrum when the power of the tunable CW laser was set as 0.05 mW and the pump power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser was 204 mW.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Temporal profile of the amplified 1560 nm femtosecond pulse when the pump power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser was 204 mW. (b) Corresponding emission spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Dependence of measured spectra on the pump power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser in the tellurite PCF without the weak CW laser. (b) Dependence of measured spectra on the input power of the weak 1560 nm CW laser in the tellurite PCF when the pump power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser was fixed at 204 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength dependence of measured spectra on the operating wavelength of the weak CW laser in the tellurite PCF when the power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser was fixed at 204 mW and the weak CW laser at (a) 0.05, (b) 0.5, (c) 1.0, and (d) 1.5 mW, respectively. The wavelength region between the two white dotted lines shows the operating wavelength range of the CW laser for controlling SSFS generation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured spectra of Raman solitons when the power of the CW laser with an operating wavelength of 1530 (blue solid curve) or 1560 nm (red dashed curve) was fixed at 1.5 mW and the pump power of the 1480 nm Raman fiber laser was 204 mW.

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