Abstract

A novel ultracompact (8 μm length) hybrid silicon-plasmonic TM–TE converter is reported. The conversion is achieved during a partial power coupling between a waveguide and a hybrid plasmonic parallel waveguide. The impact of different types of metals is also analyzed. At a wavelength of 1.55 μm, the device has an extinction ratio (ER) of 27.6 dB and insertion loss (IL) of 1.75 dB. Furthermore, an optical bandwidth as large as 100 nm is achieved with ERs higher than 25 dB and ILs below 2 dB.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

S. Zhu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, and D. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041117 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakayama, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Ramos, R. Halir, A. O. Moñux, P. Cheben, L. Vivien, I. M. Fernández, D. M. Morini, S. Janz, D. X. Xu, and J. Schmid, Opt. Lett. 37, 3534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Caspers, M. Z. Alam, and M. Mojahedi, Opt. Lett. 37, 4615 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, M. Z. Alam, S. J. Wagner, J. S. Aitchison, and M. Mojahedi, Opt. Lett. 37, 4814 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4600 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1960

S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 118, 1509 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Aamer, M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Alam, M. Z.

Alivisatos, A. P.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arsenin, A. V.

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brimont, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Caspers, J. N.

Cheben, P.

Chen, S.

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fathpour, S.

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4600 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, D. Y.

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, I. M.

Gutierrez, A. M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Håkansson, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Halir, R.

Huang, Y.

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4600 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Komatsu, M.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D. L.

S. Zhu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lo, G. Q.

S. Zhu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

K. Nakayama, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mojahedi, M.

Moñux, A. O.

Morini, D. M.

Nakayama, K.

K. Nakayama, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Ramos, C. A.

Roberts, S.

S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 118, 1509 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sanchis, P.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, J.

Sheldon, M. T.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, Y.

K. Nakayama, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tjahjana, L.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, and D. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041117 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tobing, L. Y. M.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, and D. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041117 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vermeulen, D.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

Wagner, S. J.

Xu, D. X.

Zayats, A. V.

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. H.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, and D. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041117 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.

S. Zhu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Y. M. Tobing, L. Tjahjana, and D. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041117 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, and S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4600 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Alwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 707 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J. M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakayama, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

D. Y. Fedyanin, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Arsenin, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 12, 2459 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

S. Roberts, Phys. Rev. 118, 1509 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

3D schematic of the TM–TE converter and its performance. The arrows represent the evolution of the TM and TE components. Red arrows are TM components and green arrows are TE components.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) 3D schematic of the whole structure. (b) Front view. (c) Top view.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Principal steps of the design process.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

For TM input polarization, TM contour map for (a) structure without metallizations, (b) with the first metallization for achieving TM–TE conversion, and (c) with the second metallization for minimizing the residual TM component at the output. (d) TE contour map with the two metallizations showing the TM–TE conversion. The metals are copper in all cases.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Norm of the electric field (E⃗) is shown at the input (a); output (d); (b) and (c) two intermediate positions of the hybrid plasmonic parallel waveguide.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) ER versus wavelength. (b) IL versus wavelength.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Comparison with the State of the Art

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