Abstract

The size-dependent coupling between localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and excitons within a silicon nitride (SiNx) matrix is investigated. A strong correlation between the photoluminescence (PL) enhancement and this resonance coupling is observed. From the analysis of the relationship between the dipolar resonance peaks of Ag nanostructures with various sizes and those of PL enhancement, we ascribe the enhancement of PL from the SiNx matrix by the addition of Ag nanostructures mainly to the LSP resonance coupling.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (6)

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 669 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Li, F. Wang, C. Ren, and D. Yang, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, M. Wang, D. Li, and D. Yang, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 1437 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 37, 3366 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

K.-C. Chiu, C.-Y. Lin, C. Y. Dong, and S.-J. Chen, Opt. Express 19, 5386 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, and W. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 6312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

S. Pillai and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94, 1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 22, 4794 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Pai, C.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 241108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

R. Soref, R. E. Peale, and W. Buchwald, Opt. Express 16, 6507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 8, 624 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Wang, D. Li, Z. Yuan, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, Adv. Mater. 16, 1685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Al-Naib, I. A. I.

Atwater, H. A.

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 22, 4794 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biteen, J. S.

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. E.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchwald, W.

Byeon, C. C.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

Calvo, M. E.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cen, Z. H.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Pai, C.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-J.

Chen, T. P.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, K.-C.

Cho, C.-H.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. Y.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fendler, J. H.

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, Adv. Mater. 16, 1685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, V. E.

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 22, 4794 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fung, S.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goh, W. P.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grady, N. K.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 8, 624 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94, 1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 8, 624 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, M.

Hiller, J. M.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hua, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hutter, E.

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, Adv. Mater. 16, 1685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-H.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

Kwon, M.-K.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, N. S.

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

D. Li, F. Wang, C. Ren, and D. Yang, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 669 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, M. Wang, D. Li, and D. Yang, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 1437 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, D. Li, Z. Yuan, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-T.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Pai, C.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-Y.

Lin, G.-R.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Pai, C.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Z. H. Cen, T. P. Chen, L. Ding, Z. Liu, J. I. Wong, M. Yang, W. P. Goh, and S. Fung, Appl. Phys. A 104, 239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Locano, G.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mertens, H.

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Míguez, H.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mirin, N.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 8, 624 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mun, J.-S.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Munday, J. N.

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 22, 4794 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pai, Y.-H.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Pai, C.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, T.-Y.

B.-H. Kim, C.-H. Cho, J.-S. Mun, M.-K. Kwon, T.-Y. Park, J. S. Kim, C. C. Byeon, J. Lee, and S.-J. Park, Adv. Mater. 20, 3100 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E.

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai and M. A. Green, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94, 1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Que, D.

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Li, D. Yang, and D. Que, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 669 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, D. Li, Z. Yuan, D. Yang, and D. Que, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, C.

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 241108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez-Iglesias, A.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez-Sobrado, O.

O. Sánchez-Sobrado, G. Locano, M. E. Calvo, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and H. Míguez, Adv. Mater. 23, 2108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 3, 601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

W. Cai, R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 37, 3366 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

AFM images of the Ag nanostructures of (a) Ag5, (b) Ag10, and (c) Ag15 samples as well as their depth profiles (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized extinction spectra of (a) Ag5, (b) Ag10, and (c) Ag15 (empty triangles). The peak positions of dipolar resonance are labeled as the red dashed lines. The PL enhancement factors of (a) Ag5, (b) Ag10, and (c) Ag15 are also provided at the right side (blue lines). The peak positions of this factor are labeled as the blue dashed lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relationship between the dipolar resonance energy (hvdipole) and photon energy of the maximal PL enhancement factors (hvPL). The data labeled as the black circles are obtained from this work. The data labeled as the red triangles are obtained from [12]. The data labeled as the green diamonds are obtained from [17]. The data labeled as the blue stars are obtained from [18].

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