Abstract

The nonline of sight (NLOS) ultraviolet (UV) scattering communication channel and atmospheric optical turbulent channel have been extensively but independently studied in the rich literature. However, the new characteristics of NLOS UV scattering and turbulent channels have not been comprehensively investigated. We propose a configurable framework, unifying the traditional line of sight turbulence theory and the Monte Carlo simulation framework for random scattering of photons. Results show that the scattering link geometry can significantly alter the received signal distribution. Irradiance fluctuations at the receiver may become much weaker due to the smoothing effect of impinging photons from different scattering paths, even though each scattering path undergoes strong turbulence.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

2011

2010

2009

S. Arnon and D. Kedar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 530 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

1999

Abou-Galala, F.

Andrews, L. C.

L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation Through Random Media (SPIE, 2005).

Arnon, S.

Brandt-Pearce, M.

M. Noshad and M. Brandt-Pearce, in IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2011), pp. 843–848.

Chen, G.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, H. Ding, B. M. Sadler, and G. Chen, Opt. Lett. 33, 1860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Chen, F. Abou-Galala, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, Opt. Express 16, 15059 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, H. Ding, B. M. Sadler, and G. Chen, Opt. Lett. 33, 1860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drost, R. J.

Elshimy, M.

Girasole, T.

Hranilovic, S.

Kedar, D.

Korotkova, O.

Langlois, S.

Lavigne, C.

Li, Y.

Lin, J.

Majumdar, A. K.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mobley, C. D.

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic, 1994).

Moore, T. J.

Noshad, M.

M. Noshad and M. Brandt-Pearce, in IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2011), pp. 843–848.

Outters, V.

Phillips, R. L.

L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation Through Random Media (SPIE, 2005).

Rappaport, T. S.

T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Roblin, A.

Roze, C.

Sadler, B. M.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Drost, T. J. Moore, and B. M. Sadler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 686 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, Opt. Lett. 35, 1263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, H. Ding, B. M. Sadler, and G. Chen, Opt. Lett. 33, 1860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu and B. M. Sadler, IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(5), 67 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Chen, F. Abou-Galala, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, Opt. Express 16, 15059 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Wang, L.

Wu, J.

Xiao, H.

Xu, Z.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, Opt. Lett. 35, 1263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, H. Ding, B. M. Sadler, and G. Chen, Opt. Lett. 33, 1860 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu and B. M. Sadler, IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(5), 67 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Chen, F. Abou-Galala, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, Opt. Express 16, 15059 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, Y.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

Z. Xu and B. M. Sadler, IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(5), 67 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, Proc. SPIE 8038, 80380J (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic, 1994).

T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

M. Noshad and M. Brandt-Pearce, in IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2011), pp. 843–848.

L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation Through Random Media (SPIE, 2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scattering and turbulent channel framework.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Irradiance PDF in LOS turbulent channel.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Irradiance PDF in NLOS turbulent channel.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Variance versus FOV and beam angles.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Variances at Typical Angles (θ1=θ2=θ)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δd=lnξsks,
fT(t)=2αβ(α+β)/2Γ(α)Γ(β)t(α+β)/21Kαβ[2(αβt)1/2],t>0,
α=[exp(0.49σr2(1+1.11σr12/5)7/6)1]1,
β=[exp(0.51σr2(1+0.69σr12/5)5/6)1]1,
σr2=1.23Cn2k7/6Δd11/6,

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