Abstract

We report the fabrication and visible laser operation of Pr,Mg:SrAl12O19 waveguides. Waveguiding structures were created by focusing the radiation of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser into bulk material. Guiding losses were determined to be as low as 0.12dBcm1 at 632.8 nm. By employing a frequency-doubled optically pumped semiconductor laser, waveguide laser operation was realized at wavelengths of 525.3, 644.0, and 724.9 nm with output powers as high as 36, 1065, and 504 mW, respectively. To the best of our knowledge this is the first demonstration of green laser operation in a Pr3+-doped crystalline waveguide laser.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 1002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

1996

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[CrossRef]

Baev, V. M.

Beckmann, D.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Benayas, A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Calmano, T.

Cantelar, E.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Esser, D.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gottmann, J.

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gün, T.

Hansen, N.-O.

Hellmig, O.

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Jaque, D.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jelinkova, H.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Marzahl, D.-T.

Metz, P.

Müller, S.

Nejezchleb, K.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osiac, E.

Paschke, A.-G.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fechner, F. Reichert, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rademaker, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reichert, F.

Richter, A.

Rodenas, A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salewski, S.

Schwenke, J.

Seelert, W.

Sengstock, K.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Siebenmorgen, J.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A.-G. Paschke, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skoda, V.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stark, A.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sulc, J.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torchia, G. A.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Toschek, P. E.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Fibrich, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Skoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 97, 251 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 103, 1 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Beckmann, D. Esser, and J. Gottmann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fechner, F. Reichert, N.-O. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Energy level scheme and optical transitions of Pr,Mg:SRA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fabrication scheme for the DTSs. The crystal was oriented with its c axis parallel to the x axis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Microscope images of tracks inscribed with Epuls=1.3μJ and Δx=22μm. Picture (a) shows a bright-field image, while (b) was taken in polarization-contrast mode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic drawing of the setup for the laser experiments.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser performance of 19 mm long waveguides written in 3.6 at. % Pr,Mg:SRA at various wavelengths. Pabs is defined as the power incident on the input coupling facet of the crystal.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Caustic and exemplary beam profile of the waveguide laser operating at λL = 644.0.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Laser and Mirror Characteristics and Parameters of Corresponding DTSs for Different λLa

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