Abstract

We demonstrate the high-speed electrical delay tuning of slow light pulses using Si photonic crystal waveguides. The device has an i-region-chirped pin diode, within which thermo-optic and carrier plasma effects are generated by forward bias. The former changes the delay up to 62 ps for the DC bias. The latter changes the delay for 1 Gbps pseudo random bit sequence tuning signals, which will be applicable to advanced time-domain optical signal processing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, S. Hashimoto, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 20, 22465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

2008

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Express 16, 8395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, Opt. Express 16, 9245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 16, 10349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, Nat. Photonics 2, 448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2001

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, J.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 192 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, Opt. Express 16, 9245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arita, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Shinobu, Y. Arita, T. Tamanuki, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 13557 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, S. Hashimoto, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 20, 22465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Shinobu, Y. Arita, T. Tamanuki, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 13557 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishikura, T. Baba, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 19, 24102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, Y. Hama, K. Suzuki, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 22208 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 192 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamachi, S. Kubo, and T. Baba, Opt. Lett. 34, 1072 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, Opt. Express 16, 9245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beggs, D. M.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cardenas, J.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, W.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chu, S.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, S. S.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, C.

Fontaine, N. K.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Hama, Y.

Hamachi, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamachi, S. Kubo, and T. Baba, Opt. Lett. 34, 1072 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, S.

Hayakawa, R.

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hosoi, R.

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ishikura, N.

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Shinobu, Y. Arita, T. Tamanuki, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 13557 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, Y. Hama, K. Suzuki, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 22208 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishikura, T. Baba, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 19, 24102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 192 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kampfrath, T.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Karalar, A. O.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, T.

Kondo, K.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, Nat. Photonics 2, 448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P. C.

Kubo, S.

Kuipers, L.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

Kurgin, J. B.

Lipson, M.

Lira, H. L. R.

Little, B. E.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

Martinelli, M.

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

Mori, D.

Morichetti, F.

Morton, P.

Nguyen, H. C.

H. C. Nguyen, S. Hashimoto, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 20, 22465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

N. Ishikura, T. Baba, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, Opt. Express 19, 24102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Pan, Z.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed, Silicon Photonics, the State of The Art (Wiley, 2008).

Rey, I. H.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rotenberg, N.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, Y.

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Sasaki, H.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 192 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, T. Kawasaki, H. Sasaki, J. Adachi, and D. Mori, Opt. Express 16, 9245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Shinkawa, M.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, S. Hashimoto, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 20, 22465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, Y. Hama, K. Suzuki, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 22208 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shinobu, F.

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tamanuki, T.

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Shinobu, Y. Arita, T. Tamanuki, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 19, 13557 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Xu, C.

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Ishikura, R. Hayakawa, R. Hosoi, T. Tamanuki, M. Shinkawa, and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 221110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. C. Nguyen, Y. Sakai, M. Shinkawa, N. Ishikura, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 192 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, Nat. Photonics 2, 448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. M. Beggs, I. H. Rey, T. Kampfrath, N. Rotenberg, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. T. Reed, Silicon Photonics, the State of The Art (Wiley, 2008).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Electrical delay tuning of slow light pulses. (a) Device schematic. (b) Optical pulses and tuning signal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fabricated device. p and n regions are blue- and red-colored in magnified pictures, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Delay tuning using TO effect. (a) Delay spectra. The number in each figure denotes heating power P (mW). (b) Pulses observed by OSO for different P at λ=1544nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical setup for pulse transmission measurement.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Delay tuning by carrier plasma effect at λ=1544nm. (a) Reference and DUT pulses observed in OSO. (b) Magnified view of (a). (c) Δt waveforms at five different tuning rates.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Delay spectrum with DC bias and RF tuning signals. Insets show Δt waveforms at different wavelengths.

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