Abstract

We report on the destabilization of the mode-locking operation of a long cavity fiber laser. We show that the destabilization is accompanied by the abrupt emergence of a strong frequency-downshifted Stokes signal, and simultaneously, we find that the laser output displays characteristics typical of noise-like pulses. We use numerical simulations to illustrate how the Stokes signal grows from stimulated Raman scattering and plays a key role in the destabilization of the laser output. Our results indicate that stimulated Raman scattering may impose an ultimate limit on the energy scalability via cavity lengthening.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

2011

2010

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1997

Aguergaray, C.

Apolonski, A.

Babin, S.

Babin, S. A.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Chen, J. S. Y.

Chong, A.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Erkintalo, M.

Fedoruk, M. P.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, Y.

Ferrari, A.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grajales-Coutiño, R.

Hernandez-Garcia, J. C.

Horowitz, M.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

Ippen, E.

Kelleher, E.

Kharenko, D.

Kharenko, D. S.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobtsev, S.

Kruglov, V.

Kukarin, S.

Kuzin, E.

Liu, X. M.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E.

Podivilov, E. V.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S.

Pottiez, O.

Renninger, W. H.

Runge, A.

Shtyrina, O. V.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Sun, Z.

Taylor, J.

Travers, J.

Wang, L. R.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Yarutkina, I. A.

D. S. Kharenko, O. V. Shtyrina, I. A. Yarutkina, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 662 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical spectrum at the output port of the oscillator when operating in the stable (red curve) and unstable (black dotted curve) regimes: (a) linear scale and (b) log scale.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Background-free autocorrelation trace of the unstable pulse train. (b) Averaged output spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral evolution of the pulse over a single simulated roundtrip (OC, output coupler).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse evolution throughout five consecutive roundtrips. Inset: subpulse structure of the waveform.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Output pulse, (b) spectrum of the laser output, and (c) calculated temporal distributions of the main pulse (red dotted curve) and of the Stokes wave (green curve).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Pulse Regime as a Function of Cavity Length

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