Abstract

We demonstrate third-harmonic generation (THG) in an elliptical-core ZrF4BaF2LaF3AlF3NaF (ZBLAN) fluoride fiber, for the first time to our best knowledge. Linearly polarized THG around 523 nm is obtained when pumped by a pulse laser at 1560 nm. The extinction ratios of average power and peak power are 6.7 and 6.8dB, respectively, in a 10 m long fiber. The extinction ratios are improved to 11.1 and 12.6dB, respectively, when the fiber length is cut to 35 cm. Tunable THG from 605 to 740 nm is observed when pumped by an optical parametric oscillator with the pump wavelength changed from 1800 to 2200 nm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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J. C. Miller, R. N. Compton, and C. D. Cooper, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 3967 (1982).

Bellec, M.

Bencheikh, K.

Bernier, M.

Borges, N M.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N M. Borges, and A. S. GouveiaNeto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, B.

Brakenhoff, G. J.

Brambilla, G.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Canioni, L.

Cardinal, T.

Carrier, J.

Chaudhari, C.

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[CrossRef]

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J. C. Miller, R. N. Compton, and C. D. Cooper, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 3967 (1982).

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J. C. Miller, R. N. Compton, and C. D. Cooper, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 3967 (1982).

Corcoran, B.

Désévédavy, F.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, M.

Dudley, J. M.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

El-Amraoui, M.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, D.

Fischer, R.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fortin, V.

Gabriagues, J. M.

Gadret, G.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gooijer, F.

Gouveia, E. A.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N M. Borges, and A. S. GouveiaNeto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

GouveiaNeto, A. S.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N M. Borges, and A. S. GouveiaNeto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

Grubsky, V.

Jules, J.-C.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kibler, B.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kohoutek, T.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krabshuis, G.

Krauss, T. F.

Lee, T.

Levenson, J. A.

Liao, M.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Mélin, G.

Miller, J. C.

J. C. Miller, R. N. Compton, and C. D. Cooper, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 3967 (1982).

Monat, C.

Moss, D. J.

Müller, M.

Neshev, D. N.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nicácio, D. L.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N M. Borges, and A. S. GouveiaNeto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

O’Faolain, L.

Ohishi, Y.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Österberg, U.

U. Österberg, Electron. Lett. 26, 103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. M.

J. M. Parker, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 19, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M.

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richard, S.

Royon, A.

Russell, J.

Ryasnyanskiy, A.

Savchenko, A.

Smektala, F.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J. A.

St, P.

Suzuki, T.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Toulouse, J.

Vallée, R.

Wadsworth, W. J.

White, T. P.

Wilson, K. R.

Yan, X.

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

J. M. Parker, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 19, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, Appl. Phys. B 91, 349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

W. Gao, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, M. El-Amraoui, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, F. Désévédavy, F. Smektala, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 102601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N M. Borges, and A. S. GouveiaNeto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

U. Österberg, Electron. Lett. 26, 103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. C. Miller, R. N. Compton, and C. D. Cooper, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 3967 (1982).

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for THG in an elliptical-core fluoride fiber. H, half-wave plate; P, polarizer; L1, L2, L3, Lens.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Black and gray line, material refractive indices of the elliptical-core ZBLAN fiber; green and orange line, calculated effective refractive indices of pump and TH signal; blue line, mismatch of propagation constants Δβ. Inset: cross section by an optical microscope. (b) Broadened spectra around the fundamental wavelength in 10 m long fiber. (c) Broadened spectra analyzed by a polarizer. (d) Average power of the broadened spectra versus azimuth of polarizer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) THG analyzed by a polarizer in a 10 m long ZBLAN fiber. (b) Average power and peak power of THG versus azimuth of polarizer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Average power around the fundamental wavelength versus azimuth of polarizer in a 35 cm long ZBLAN fiber. (b) THG analyzed by a polarizer in a 35 cm long fiber. (c) Average power and peak power of THG versus azimuth of polarizer. Inset: far-field pattern of THG. (d) Tunable THG with the pump wavelength from 1800 to 2200 nm.

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