Abstract

High-power fiber lasers operating at the 1.5 μm wavelength region have attractive features, such as eye safety and atmospheric transparency, and cascaded Raman fiber lasers offer a convenient method to obtain high-power sources at these wavelengths. A limitation to power scaling, however, has been the lower conversion efficiency of these lasers. We recently introduced a high-efficiency architecture for high-power cascaded Raman fiber lasers applicable for 1.5 μm fiber lasers. Here we demonstrate further power scaling using this new architecture. Using numerical simulations, we identify the ideal operating conditions for the new architecture. We demonstrate a high-efficiency 1480 nm cascaded Raman fiber laser with an output power of 301 W, comparable to record power levels achieved with rare-earth-doped fiber lasers in the 1.5 μm wavelength region.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2007

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 32, 2429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

1991

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Andrejco, M. J.

Becker, P. C.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Bjarklev, A.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Calia, D. B.

Cheung, W. Y.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Codemard, C. A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DeSantolo, A. M.

DiGiovanni, D.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

DiMarcello, F.

Dubinskii, M.

Dybdal, K.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Feder, K.

Feng, Y.

Fini, J. M.

Fleming, J.

Fromzel, V.

Grubb, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Harker, A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Headley, C. E.

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nichsolson, C. E. Headley, M. F. Yan, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Opt. Express 21, 7148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. E. Headley, Y. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370J (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, D.

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nichsolson, C. E. Headley, M. F. Yan, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Opt. Express 21, 7148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. E. Headley, Y. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370J (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jasapara, J. C.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, Opt. Express 12, 6088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, H.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwada, T.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Kougo, T.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Kuhn, V.

Larsen, C. C.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. E. Headley, Y. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370J (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Liu, X.

Lovelady, M.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A. E.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Mizrahi, V.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Monberg, E.

Neumann, J.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nichsolson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, Opt. Express 12, 6088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nykolak, G.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Ortiz, R.

Palsdottir, B.

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nichsolson, C. E. Headley, M. F. Yan, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Opt. Express 21, 7148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. E. Headley, Y. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370J (2012).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, B.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Piper, A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Povlsen, J. H.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shigematsu, M.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T.

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Taunay, T.

Taylor, L. R.

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weßels, P.

Westbrook, P. S.

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

Yoo, S.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. M. B. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Kashiwada, M. Shigematsu, T. Kougo, H. Kanamori, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 721 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

B. Pedersen, A. Bjarklev, J. H. Povlsen, K. Dybdal, and C. C. Larsen, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. E. Headley, Y. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82370J (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

http://ofscatalog.specialityphotonics.com/category/high-power-products-and-cladding-pumped-fibers .

S. G. Grubb, T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, T. Strasser, W. Y. Cheung, W. A. Reed, P. J. Lemaire, A. E. Miller, S. G. Kosinski, G. Nykolak, and P. C. Becker, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1995), paper SaA4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental scheme: RIG/ROG, Raman input and output grating sets; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer. (b) Representative spectrum of the seed source. (c) Transmission characteristic of the Raman filter fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output power as a function of total power of the seed source for three different lengths. Also shown is the optimal power output of the amplifier. (b) Conversion efficiency in the amplifier stage as a function of seed source power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a), (b) Evolution of power at all the Stokes wavelength components as a function of input power for different seed source powers and Raman fiber length of 45 m. (c) Experimentally measured spectra at an output power of 200W at 1480 nm as the seed source power is increased from 10 to 40 W for a fiber length of 50 m.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Total output power and 1480 nm component as a function of input power at 1117 nm. (b) Output spectrum in linear and log scale at maximum power.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dPidz=αiPi+gi1Aeffi1PiPi1(λiλi1)giAeffiPiPi+1,
dP0dz=α0P0(λ1λ0)g0Aeff0P0P1.
dPndz=αnPn+gn1Aeffn1Pn1Pn.
gi=0.5×1013×1μmλi,
αn>(gn1/Aeffn1)Pn1,

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