Abstract

We present the experimental demonstration of a novel class of hybrid III–V-on-silicon microlasers. We show that by coupling a silicon cavity to a III–V waveguide, the interaction between the propagating mode in the III–V waveguide and the cavity mode in the silicon resonator results in high, narrowband reflection back into the III–V waveguide, forming a so-called resonant mirror. By combining two such mirrors and providing optical gain in the III–V wire between these two mirrors, laser operation can be realized. This optically pumped device measures 55 by 2 μm, requires microwatt-level threshold pump power, and shows single-mode laser emission with a side-mode suppression ratio of up to 39 dB.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Halioua, A. Bazin, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, G. Roelkens, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, Opt. Express 19, 9221 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. de Koninck, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700413 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Debnath, K. Welna, M. Ferrera, K. Deasy, D. G. Lidzey, and L. O’Faolain, Opt. Lett. 38, 154 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. ePIXfab: the silicon photonics platform (2012), http://www. epixfab.eu .
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    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, E. Augendre, L. Fulbert, and J. M. Fedeli, Opt. Express 19, 10317 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

M. Tassaert, D. van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Augendre, E.

Baets, R.

Y. de Koninck, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700413 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Bakir, B. B.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bazin, A.

Y. Halioua, A. Bazin, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, G. Roelkens, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, Opt. Express 19, 9221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Ben Bakir, B.

Bordel, D.

Bowers, J.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Koninck, Y.

Y. de Koninck, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700413 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Deasy, K.

Debnath, K.

Descos, A.

Fang, A.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

Fedeli, J.-m.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferrera, M.

Fulbert, L.

Grosse, P.

Halioua, Y.

Harduin, J.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heck, J. M.

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

Koch, B.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liang, D.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lidzey, D. G.

Liu, L.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

O’Faolain, L.

Olivier, N.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, E. Augendre, L. Fulbert, and J. M. Fedeli, Opt. Express 19, 10317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raineri, F.

Y. Halioua, A. Bazin, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, G. Roelkens, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, Opt. Express 19, 9221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Raj, R.

Y. Halioua, A. Bazin, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, G. Roelkens, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, Opt. Express 19, 9221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Roelkens, G.

Y. de Koninck, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700413 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Tassaert, D. van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, A. Bazin, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, G. Roelkens, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, Opt. Express 19, 9221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

Sagnes, I.

Sciancalepore, C.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stankovic, S.

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sysak, M. N.

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tassaert, M.

M. Tassaert, D. van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

van Thourhout, D.

M. Tassaert, D. van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Welna, K.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Y. de Koninck, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700413 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Stankovic, R. Jones, M. N. Sysak, J. M. Heck, G. Roelkens, and D. van Thourhout, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2155 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Sciancalepore, B. B. Bakir, X. Letartre, J. Harduin, N. Olivier, C. Seassal, J.-m. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Tassaert, D. van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

ePIXfab: the silicon photonics platform (2012), http://www. epixfab.eu .

Y. de Koninck, F. Raineri, A. Bazin, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, in 2012 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC 2012) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic side view of the operation of the resonant mirror laser. (b) Reflection (R) and transmission (T) spectrum of resonant mirror with 285 nm grating period.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning electron microscope top-view image of a finished device. Inset, mirror cross section at grating defect.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured laser output-spectrum for different values of the pump power. Inset, laser output power in silicon waveguide as a function of the pump power ([9]; image courtesy of IEEE).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured output spectrum of two different lasers: one with a 285 nm grating pitch and one with a 290 nm grating pitch ([9; image courtesy of IEEE]).

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