Abstract

The spectral responses of series-coupled racetrack resonators exhibiting the Vernier effect have many attractive features as compared to the spectral responses of identical series-coupled racetrack resonators, such as free spectral range (FSR) extension and enhanced wavelength tunability. Here we present experimental results of a thermally tunable quadruple series-coupled silicon racetrack resonator exhibiting the Vernier effect. We thermally tune two of the four racetrack resonators to enable discrete switching of the major peak by 15.54 nm. Also, our device has an interstitial peak suppression of 35.4 dB, a 3 dB bandwidth of 0.45 nm, and an extended FSR of 37.66 nm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (6)

W. S. Fegadolli, G. Vargas, X. Wang, F. Valini, L. A. M. Barea, J. E. B. Oliveira, N. Frateschi, A. Scherer, V. R. Almeida, and R. R. Panepucci, Opt. Express 20, 14722 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Boeck, J. Flueckiger, H. Yun, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, Opt. Lett. 37, 5199 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Prabhathan, V. M. Murukeshan, and J. Zhang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044604 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dey and S. Mandal, Opt. Commun. 285, 439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

O. Schwelb and I. Frigyes, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Aida, Y.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

Almeida, V. R.

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Barea, L. A. M.

Barwicz, T.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Bergman, K.

Biberman, A.

Boeck, R.

Bojko, R. J.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

Cai, S.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, P.

Chrostowski, L.

Chu, S. T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Dahlem, M. S.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Dey, S.

S. Dey and S. Mandal, Opt. Commun. 285, 439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ding, R.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Dong, P.

Duan, X.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fegadolli, W. S.

Feng, D.

Feng, N. N.

Flueckiger, J.

Frateschi, N.

Frigyes, I.

O. Schwelb and I. Frigyes, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Geng, M.

Gill, D.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Goebuchi, Y.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2005 (LEOS 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 734–735.

Harris, N. C.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

He, L.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Hochberg, M.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon Photonics Design (Lulu, 2013).

Holzwarth, C. W.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Huang, Y.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huijuan, Z.

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Jaeger, N. A. F.

Jia, L.

Jing, Z.

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. G.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Kato, T.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2005 (LEOS 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 734–735.

King, O.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Kokubun, Y.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2005 (LEOS 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 734–735.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Krtner, F. X.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Lee, B. G.

Li, J.

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Liang, H.

Lim, E.-J.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Liow, T.-Y.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Liu, Y.

Lo, G.-Q.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Mandal, S.

S. Dey and S. Mandal, Opt. Commun. 285, 439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Murukeshan, V. M.

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Prabhathan, V. M. Murukeshan, and J. Zhang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044604 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Novack, A.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Oliveira, J. E. B.

Panepucci, R. R.

Pinguet, T.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Popovic, M. A.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Prabhathan, P.

P. Prabhathan, V. M. Murukeshan, and J. Zhang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044604 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Rakich, P. T.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Ren, X.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Schwelb, O.

O. Schwelb and I. Frigyes, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seiferth, F.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Shafiiha, R.

Shanton, J.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Shen, B.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Shiyi, C.

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Streshinsky, M.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Teo, H.-G.

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Trakalo, M.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Valini, F.

Van, V.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

Vargas, G.

Wang, H.

Wang, Q.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Yang, L.

Yun, H.

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

P. Prabhathan, V. M. Murukeshan, and J. Zhang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044604 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Prabhathan, Z. Jing, V. M. Murukeshan, Z. Huijuan, and C. Shiyi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 152 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 06F309 (2011).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

O. Schwelb and I. Frigyes, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 39, 257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Dey and S. Mandal, Opt. Commun. 285, 439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Prabhathan, V. M. Murukeshan, and J. Zhang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044604 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Ren, X. Duan, B. Shen, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and S. Cai, Proc. SPIE 8555, 85550U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Krtner, in 2007 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–2.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2005 (LEOS 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 734–735.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9.

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon Photonics Design (Lulu, 2013).

R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, T. Pinguet, J. Li, N. C. Harris, M. Streshinsky, L. He, A. Novack, E.-J. Lim, T.-Y. Liow, H.-G. Teo, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2E.6.

Alliance Fiber Optic Products, Inc.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the quadruple Vernier racetrack resonator and (b) the fabricated device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Theoretical through port and drop port spectra and (b) a major peak in the drop port response and a major notch in the through port response.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experimental through port and drop port spectra and (b) a major peak of the drop port response and a major notch of the through port response.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Theoretical drop port spectral responses for various temperature changes applied to racetrack resonators c and d and (b) experimental drop port spectral responses for various changes in the voltage applied to the heaters on top of racetrack resonators c and d.

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