Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel stable radio frequency (RF) delivery system based on a radio-over-fiber link. The proposed scheme acts as a long phase-locking loop where an optical tunable delay line is involved to compensate dynamically for the time-delay variation that arises from fiber-link fluctuation. An optical carrier with variable wavelength under fiber-link dispersion results in the desired tunable delay. The tunable range is in proportion to the length of the fiber link, so a large phase-error correction capacity under long-distance delivery can be realized. The large as well as fine optical-delay tunability is experimentally demonstrated, and the RF reference of 2.42 GHz is transferred for 54 km where a time jitter compression factor of 588 is achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Amy-Klein, A.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, and J. C. Bergquist, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, M.

M. Calhoun, R. Sydnor, and W. Diener, “A stabilized 100-megahertz and 1-gigahertz reference frequency distribution for Cassini radio science,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (2002), Vol. 148.

Chambon, D.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Clairon, A.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J. F.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Daussy, C.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Diener, W.

M. Calhoun, R. Sydnor, and W. Diener, “A stabilized 100-megahertz and 1-gigahertz reference frequency distribution for Cassini radio science,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (2002), Vol. 148.

Feng, Y.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S. M.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Fujieda, M.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gao, C.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

Goncharov, A.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guinet, M.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Holman, K. W.

Hosokawa, M.

Hou, D.

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Kitching, J.

Kumagai, M.

Lea, S. N.

Li, P.

Li, T.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liu, C.

Lopez, O.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luiten, A. N.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Miao, J.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nagano, S.

Narbonneau, F.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Peng, J.-L.

Santarelli, G.

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shillue, B.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sydnor, R.

M. Calhoun, R. Sydnor, and W. Diener, “A stabilized 100-megahertz and 1-gigahertz reference frequency distribution for Cassini radio science,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (2002), Vol. 148.

Tobar, M. E.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, B.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Ye, J.

Zhang, J.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, J.

Zhu, X.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Control Syst. (1)

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, O. Lopez, C. Daussy, A. Amy-Klein, and C. Chardonnet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 064701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Li, and L. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Calhoun, R. Sydnor, and W. Diener, “A stabilized 100-megahertz and 1-gigahertz reference frequency distribution for Cassini radio science,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (2002), Vol. 148.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the proposed phase-error correction system. BPF: bandpass filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Time delays at the remote end under different optical carrier wavelengths. (b) Fine-tuned waveforms at the remote end when the wavelength is tuned with 1 pm step.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

RMS jitter of the remote RF signal without (blue line) and with (red line) phase-error correction.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SSB phase noise of the RF source and signal at the remote end.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dispersion-induced RF power fading at remote end (blue line) and central station (red line) after 54 km SMF delivery.

Equations (1)

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τλD=χ(λλ0).

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