Abstract

Long-range free space optical communications suffer from atmospheric turbulence effects. To mitigate them, a bidirectional full-wave compensation technique seems promising. We present an experimental implementation and characterization of this concept on a laboratory breadboard. Experimental results confirm former numerical results for similar propagation conditions. The effects of measurement and control errors are analyzed by numerical modeling.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.
  2. M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, and J. C. Ricklin, Opt. Lett. 22, 907 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Weyrauch and M. A. Vorontsov, Appl. Opt. 44, 6388 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. C. Roggemann and D. J. Lee, Appl. Opt. 37, 4577 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. D. Barchers and D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1779 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. L. Fried, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Primmerman, T. Price, R. Humphreys, B. Zollars, H. Barclay, and J. Herrmann, Appl. Opt. 34, 2081 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”
  10. V. Bagnoud and J. D. Zuegel, Opt. Lett. 29, 295 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1966 (1)

Abelson, D.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Airola, M.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Bagnoud, V.

Barchers, J. D.

Barclay, H.

Bierent, R.

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

Carhart, G. W.

Chazallet, F.

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Driver, D.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Foshee, J.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Fried, D. L.

Herrmann, J.

Humphreys, R.

Hurt, H.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Juarez, J.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Lee, D. J.

McClaren, A.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Michau, V.

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

Mugnier, L.

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

Northcott, M.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Phillips, J.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Price, T.

Primmerman, C.

Ricklin, J. C.

Roggemann, M. C.

Schwartz, N.

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sluz, J.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Sova, R.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Védrenne, N.

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

Velluet, M.-T.

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

Velluet, M-T.

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorontsov, M. A.

Weyrauch, T.

Young, D.

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Zollars, B.

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Schwartz, N. Védrenne, V. Michau, M-T. Velluet, and F. Chazallet, Proc. SPIE 7200, 72000J (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. Védrenne, L. Mugnier, R. Bierent, M.-T. Velluet, and V. Michau, ONERA, 92322 Châtillon, France, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Laser beam complex amplitude measurement by phase diversity.”

D. Young, J. Sluz, J. Juarez, M. Airola, R. Sova, H. Hurt, M. Northcott, J. Phillips, A. McClaren, D. Driver, D. Abelson, and J. Foshee, in Military Communications Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1–6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the full-wave precompensation optical bench.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scheme of a transceiver module.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of the coupling factor (τ) of the two transceivers as a function of the iteration number; Δ when TXa is receiver and when TXb is receiver.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of ϵmq between the field amplitude measured by the WFS and those directly measured in the pupil plane with the iteration number.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of ϵcq between the field amplitude directly measured in the pupil plane for the incoming and the outgoing beams at each iteration.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Evolution of the coupling factor of the two transceivers with the iteration number and an axis misalignment a=0.6rdm1 in TXb.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Main Parameters of the FSO Systems

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ψc=Ψ^R*=A^Reiϕ^R.
τab=|ΨTXai||ΨTXbo|.
ϵ(Ψ0,Ψ)=P|Ψ0ΨeiφP|2dP,

Metrics