Abstract

We present the first experimental demonstration of a practical, fully coherent, optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) scheme that can fully suppress multiple access interference (MAI) and speckle noise without phase locking or thresholding and gating. The scheme is sourced from an optical comb generator and uses spectral phase encoding and a heterodyne receiver with balanced detection. Here we present results for a four-user configuration at 50% load. At 4.5Gbits/s per user, the system achieves a signal to MAI ratio of 648 at a bit error rate of 107.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Verdu, Multiuser Detection (Cambridge University, 1998).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Aljada and K. Alameh, Opt. Lett. 32, 1782 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Zheng and A. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 25, 984 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Yang, M. Foster, J. B. Khurgin, and A. B. Cooper, Opt. Express 20, 17600 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.
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    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3515 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).

2012

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, B. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, Opt. Express 20, 3331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, M. Foster, J. B. Khurgin, and A. B. Cooper, Opt. Express 20, 17600 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

B. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3515 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Aljada and K. Alameh, Opt. Lett. 32, 1782 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 143 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

2000

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).

Akbulut, M.

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Alameh, K.

Alic, N.

Aljada, M.

Aso, O.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Banwell, T.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhooplapur, S. P.

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, A. B.

Y. Yang, M. Foster, J. B. Khurgin, and A. B. Cooper, Opt. Express 20, 17600 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.

Delfyett, P.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Foster, M.

Galli, S.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Z.

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hiroishi, J.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Hu, W.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Kang, J. U.

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.

Kataoka, N.

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Y. Yang, M. Foster, J. B. Khurgin, and A. B. Cooper, Opt. Express 20, 17600 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.

Kuo, B.

Kuroki, S.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

Lgarashi, K.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Menendez, R.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyabe, R.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Myslivets, E.

Namiki, S.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Price, C.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F. J.

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Roussev, R. V.

Seo, D. S.

Shi, J.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Tobioka, H.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Toliver, P.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turpin, T.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Verdu, S.

S. Verdu, Multiuser Detection (Cambridge University, 1998).

Wada, N.

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A.

Weiner, A. M.

Xiao, S.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S. M.

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, T.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

Yang, P.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-D.

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, M. Foster, J. B. Khurgin, and A. B. Cooper, Opt. Express 20, 17600 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.

Yi, L.

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Furukawa Rev.

K. Lgarashi, H. Tobioka, S. Kuroki, R. Miyabe, J. Hiroishi, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, Furukawa Rev. 25, 9 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, S. M. Xu, and J. U. Kang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Etemad, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, J. Young, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 929 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, S. Xiao, L. Yi, J. Shi, P. Yang, Y. Dong, and W. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Bhooplapur, F. J. Quinlan, M. Akbulut, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1673 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol

Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, and N. Wada, J. Lightwave Technol 29, 348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

S. Verdu, Multiuser Detection (Cambridge University, 1998).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).

Y. Yang, A. B. Cooper, J. B. Khurgin, and J. U. Kang, in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPWD6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Signal (red dashed) and reference (blue solid) combs for the proposed four user OCDMA network. The Hadamard code of length four is used to spectrally phase encode the signal comb at the transmitter and the reference comb at the receiver.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

OCDMA system architecture and the OCG source design. (a) Optical comb from the OCG source. (b) Comb after 10 GHz modulation. (c) Reference comb after the Fabry–Perot cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) and (b) show the detected signal for two active users when the reference comb is phase coded for user no. 1 or user no. 2, respectively. (c) shows the BER performance of two users simultaneously incident on the receiver (50% load). Their system performance is compared with one user (25% load) performance. The eye diagram for one user system is also shown in the inset. The received power is measured per user.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

BER=0.5*erfc(S/8N),
BER=0.5*erfc(S/8(N+MAI)).

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