Abstract

An optically tunable and rewritable liquid crystal (LC) diffraction grating cell has been revealed that consists of an optically active and an optically passive alignment layer. The grating profile is created by confining the LC director distribution in alternate planar and twisted alignment domains by means of photoalignment of the LCs. The proposed grating is optically tunable for diffractive and nondiffractive states with a small response time that depends on the exposure energy and LC parameters. In addition, the grating can be erased and rewritten for different diffracting characteristics. These optically tunable diffractive elements could find application in various photonic devices.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech-House, 1999).
  2. J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6761 (2007).
  4. S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bouvier and T. Scharf, Opt. Eng. 39, 2129 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. G. Lindquist, J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, J. M. Jarem, S. T. Kowel, M. Friends, and T. M. Leslie, Opt. Lett. 19, 670 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Lett. 36, 1404 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Wen, R. G. Petschek, and C. Rosenblatt, Appl. Opt. 41, 1246 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).
  13. F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).
  15. L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. K. Srivastava and R. Manohar, Liq. Cryst. 38, 183 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, Min-Yi Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, Opt. Lett. 23, 253 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (4)

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

A. K. Srivastava and R. Manohar, Liq. Cryst. 38, 183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Lett. 36, 1404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6761 (2007).

2006 (2)

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Bouvier and T. Scharf, Opt. Eng. 39, 2129 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Bos, P. J.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bouvier, M.

M. Bouvier and T. Scharf, Opt. Eng. 39, 2129 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

Chen, R. T.

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. N.

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V. G.

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).

V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech-House, 1999).

Chigrinov, V.G.

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

Cuennet, J. G.

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cui, H. Q.

De Sio, L.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, F.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferjani, S.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Friends, M.

Fuh, A. Y. G.

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6761 (2007).

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujiuchi, A.

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, L. L.

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, B. D.

Howley, B.

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Wei

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. Y.

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jarem, J. M.

Jiang, W.

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. L.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kapoustine, V.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazakevitch, A.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

Kiselev, A. D.

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kowel, S. T.

Kowk, H. S.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kozenkov, V. M.

V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).

Kulick, J. H.

Kwok, H. S.

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).

Leslie, T. M.

Li, Y.

Liang, X.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. W.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lindquist, R. G.

Lu, Y. Q.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Yan-Qing

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lucchetta, D. E.

D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manohar, R.

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

A. K. Srivastava and R. Manohar, Liq. Cryst. 38, 183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nordin, G. P.

Ota, N.

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petschek, R. G.

Pozhidaev, E. P.

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

Psaltis, D.

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, C.

Saito, M.

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scharf, T.

M. Bouvier and T. Scharf, Opt. Eng. 39, 2129 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Min-Yi

Simoni, F.

D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sio, L. De

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slussarenko, S.

So, V.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A.

Srivastava, A. K.

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

A. K. Srivastava and R. Manohar, Liq. Cryst. 38, 183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Express 20, 5384 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tam, R.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsubokura, Y.

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Umeton, C.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vasdekis, A. E.

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Veltri, A.

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vita, F.

D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vithana, H.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wen, B.

Wood, W. V.

Wu, S. T.

J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, Opt. Lett. 36, 1404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W. Y.

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6761 (2007).

Xu, F.

Yan, J.

Zhu, G.

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

L. De Sio, S. Serak, N. Tabiryan, S. Ferjani, A. Veltri, and C. Umeton, Adv. Mater. 22, 2316 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. K. Srivastava, E. P. Pozhidaev, V.G. Chigrinov, and R. Manohar, Appl. Phys. 99, 201106 (2011).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (10)

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kowk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. K. Srivastava, X. Liang, X. W. Lin, J. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, J. G. Cuennet, A. E. Vasdekis, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 131112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Saito, Y. Tsubokura, N. Ota, and A. Fujiuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 061114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Gu, X. N. Chen, W. Jiang, B. Howley, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2588 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, F. Vita, and F. Simoni, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231112 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Srivastava, Wei Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Yan-Qing Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6761 (2007).

Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. K. Srivastava and R. Manohar, Liq. Cryst. 38, 183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, Opt. Commun. 266, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Bouvier and T. Scharf, Opt. Eng. 39, 2129 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

V. G. Chigrinov, Liquid Crystal Devices: Physics and Applications (Artech-House, 1999).

V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Principle structure and operation of OTRW LC grating cell; (b), (c) the optical 1D and 2D grating masks; (d), (e) the micrographs for the grating LC cell. The marker size is 100 μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Anchoring energy dependence of the SD1 layer on the exposure energy at fixed irradiance (500mW/cm2). The experimental arrangement for the optical tunability is presented in the inset.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diffraction profiles of the OTRW gratings prepared in the same cell: (a) 1D grating, period=50μm, (b) no diffraction structure, (c) 1D grating, period=25μm, (d) 1D grating, period=25μm in the perpendicular direction to the previous structure, and (e) 2D grating, period=50μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Effective transmittance dependence on exposure energy, at fixed irradiance (500mW/cm2) of the writing beam, for LCs with different K22. Insets (a) and (b) represent the optical microphotograph for the cell before and after writing of the grating, respectively, under a crossed polarizer. The marker size is 50 μm.

Metrics