Abstract

We report on a femtosecond fiber laser system comprising four coherently combined large-pitch fibers as the main amplifier. With this system, a pulse energy of 1.3 mJ and a peak power of 1.8 GW are achieved at 400 kHz repetition rate. The corresponding average output power is as high as 530 W. Additionally, an excellent beam quality and efficiency of the combination have been obtained. To the best of our knowledge, such a parameter combination, i.e., gigawatt pulses with half a kilowatt average power, has not been demonstrated so far with any other laser architecture.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2010

2009

2004

1993

L. Zenteno, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Andersen, T. V.

Augst, S.

Baer, C.

Birge, J. R.

Bourdon, P.

Bratcher, A.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1191 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Breitkopf, S.

Broeng, J.

Carstens, H.

Chang, G.

Chang, W.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, L.-J.

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dajani, I.

Daniault, L.

Dantus, M.

Demmler, S.

Druon, F.

Eidam, T.

Emaury, F.

Fan, T.

Gabler, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Georges, P.

Goldizen, K.

Golling, M.

Goodno, G.

Goular, D.

Hädrich, S.

Hanf, S.

Hanna, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Heckl, O.

Hoffmann, H.

Hoffmann, M.

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Klenke, A.

Krebs, M.

Laurila, M.

Limpert, J.

Liu, C.-H.

Lombard, L.

Lozovoy, V. V.

Mans, T.

Mottay, E.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, D.

Otto, H.

Otto, H.-J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pastirk, I.

Poprawe, R.

Redmond, S.

Robin, C.

Rothenberg, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Sanchez, A.

Saraceno, C.

Schimpf, D.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schriber, C.

Scolari, L.

Seise, E.

Shih, C.

Siiman, L.

Smith, A.

Smith, J.

Sosnowski, T.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

Südmeyer, T.

Tiemann, B.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1191 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Uberna, R.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1191 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ward, B.

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Yu, C.

Zaouter, Y.

Zenteno, L.

L. Zenteno, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, T.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1191 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

U. Keller, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. Zenteno, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Light Sci. Appl.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

D. Schimpf, T. Eidam, E. Seise, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 17, 18774 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-W. Chen, T. Sosnowski, C.-H. Liu, L.-J. Chen, J. R. Birge, A. Galvanauskas, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, Opt. Express 18, 24699 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Goodno, C. Shih, and J. Rothenberg, Opt. Express 18, 25403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Alkeskjold, M. Laurila, L. Scolari, and J. Broeng, Opt. Express 19, 7398 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Smith and J. Smith, Opt. Express 19, 10180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, C. Wirth, C. Jauregui, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. Otto, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 13218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Seise, A. Klenke, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 18, 27827 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 255 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, J. Rothhardt, H. Carstens, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 19374 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klenke, E. Seise, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 24280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klenke, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 19, 25379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Ward, C. Robin, and I. Dajani, Opt. Express 20, 11407 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Jauregui, T. Eidam, H. Otto, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 20, 12912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Siiman, W. Chang, T. Zhou, and A. Galvanauskas, Opt. Express 20, 18097 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. Heckl, C. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 20, 23535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic overview of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Autocorrelation trace of the combined pulse at an average power of 530 W.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of the combined beam with a band width of 2.7 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Caustic of the beam for the M2 measurement at 530 W.

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