Abstract

In this Letter, we have demonstrated the direct writing of polarization-dependent light attenuator inside fused silica by tailoring 1 kHz femtosecond (fs) laser induced self-organized nanogratings. Optical birefringence was observed to vary with the polarization plane azimuth of the fs laser and scanning direction. The formation of self-organized nanogratings was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy observation. A polarization-dependent light attenuator was fabricated by forming a plane consisting of nanograting lines inside fused silica by scanning the fs laser. The attenuation efficiency was improved by forming a multilayer nanograting structure. The technique may find important applications in micro-optical devices.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. R. Gattas and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Qiu, Chem. Rec. 50, 4 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Lett. 29, 2007 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 29, 119 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Liang, R. Vallée, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Express 20, 4389 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 20, 18072 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

2008

R. R. Gattas and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arai, A.

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beresna, M.

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

Bhardwaj, V. R.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bovatsek, J.

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bricchi, E.

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 29, 119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Chin, S. L.

Corkum, P. B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Döring, S.

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Gaeta, A. L.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gattas, R. R.

R. R. Gattas and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gecevicius, M.

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gertus, T.

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, M.

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jia, F.

Juodkazis, S.

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kazanski, P. G.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 29, 119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klappauf, B. G.

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liang, F.

Lin, X.

Ma, G.

Matsuo, S.

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattas and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Misawa, H.

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Peschel, U.

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 20, 18072 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

J. Qiu, Chem. Rec. 50, 4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, P. P.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rayner, D. M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richter, S.

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Sakakura, M.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Starrost, F.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugioka, K.

Taylor, R. S.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

S. Richter, F. Jia, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, U. Peschel, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Opt. Lett. 37, 482 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Vallée, R.

Wu, G.

Yang, W.

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Adv. Mater. 22, 4039 (2010).

Appl. Phys. A

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, Appl. Phys. A 104, 503 (2011).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. G. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazanski, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rec.

J. Qiu, Chem. Rec. 50, 4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Laser Appl.

S. Richter, M. Heinrich, S. Döring, A. Tünnermann, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, J. Laser Appl. 24, 042008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

R. R. Gattas and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical microscope images of the written lines with different polarization plane azimuth. Two lines in each group were independently written with opposite scanning directions. (a) The illumination was a halogen lamp. (b) Cross-polarized images recorded the birefringence signal in the same region in (a). (c) Birefringence intensity of lines written with different laser polarizations. (d) Cross section of the written lines in (a) before etching.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) SEM images of self-organized nanogratings in the XY plane. (b) The transversal cross section of lines written with varied polarization plane azimut.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical birefringence intensity dependence of (a) scanning speed and (b) laser pulse energy (EP).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Power dependence of the angle between the polarization plane azimuths of the probe laser (λ=1030nm) and the fs laser.

Metrics