Abstract

A novel chamber-channel system is proposed to achieve the bending of light at a 90 deg angle with relatively high transmission efficiencies. An ultrathin film is introduced into the chamber to couple more light into the system, which makes the chamber as a light absorber, while the channel serves as an output pathway to guide the light through the system. We show that the light propagation is significantly affected by the output position of the channels. By setting the output to specific positions, the device can be considered as a light switch, amplifier, or filter. This work holds great potential for controlling light in nanoscale photonic devices.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2693 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2003 (2)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Ahmad, R.

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 2008).

Bokor, J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A.

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cabrini, S.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choo, H.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Draine, B. T.

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Espinola, R.

Fan, S.

G. Veronis and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flatau, P. J.

Genov, D. A.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. F. P. Pile and D. K. Gramotnev, Opt. Lett. 30, 1186 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Han, Z.

He, S.

Hietala, V.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. G.

Huang, X.-G.

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 2008).

Jin, X.

Jin, X.-P.

Joannopoulos, J.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-K.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Koel, B. E.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.-Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, X.

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.

Lin, X.-S.

Liu, L.

Liu, Z.

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R.

Oulton, R. F.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985), pp. 547.

Pan, S.

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Pile, D. F. P.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. F. P. Pile and D. K. Gramotnev, Opt. Lett. 30, 1186 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pizzuto, F.

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P. J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seok, T. J.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sorger, V. J.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Staffaroni, M.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M.

Tao, J.

Veronis, G.

G. Veronis and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Wang, Q. J.

J. Tao, Q. J. Wang, and X. G. Huang, Plasmonics 6, 753 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

Xu, H.

Yablonovitch, E.

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, X.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Zhou, X.

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, and H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater. 15, 562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Veronis and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

X. Li, S. Pan, Y. Guo, Q. Wang, and Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 5 (2010).

Nat. Photonics (3)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Choo, M.-K. Kim, M. Staffaroni, T. J. Seok, J. Bokor, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, M. C. Wu, and E. Yablonovitch, Nat. Photonics 6, 838 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Plasmonics (1)

J. Tao, Q. J. Wang, and X. G. Huang, Plasmonics 6, 753 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. Joannopoulos, Science 282, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985), pp. 547.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the waveguide system. The chamber on the left side acts as a light absorber and the channel on the right side serves as an output pathway.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Scattering and (b) transmission spectra of the structure without (0 nm) and with a (50 nm) central film in the chamber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of the system with different output positions for (a) single output and (b) multiple outputs. Electric field contour plots at a wavelength of 850 nm for the single output opening at (c) nodal and (d) antinodal positions. (e) Electric field vector plot for openings at two adjacent nodal positions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmission spectra of a four-turn waveguide structure (inset figure) with a change in the second (l2) and third (l3) channel lengths, with a total channel length fixed at l1+l2+l3+l4=1050nm. Herein, the first channel length is fixed at l1=300nm, the fourth channel length is set at l4=125nm, and the second/third channel length satisfies l2+l3=625nm. The electric field contour plots at a wavelength of 800 nm for (b) l2=200nm and (c) l2=300nm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(EsEs)=iexp(ik·riωt)(S2S3S4S1)(EiEi),
R=|S2|b2+|S4|b2,T=|S2|f2+|S4|f2,
tanh(β2k02εairw2)=εairβ2k02εmεmβ2k02εair,

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