Abstract

A key limitation of the state-of-the-art laparoscopes for minimally invasive surgery is the tradeoff between the field of view and spatial resolution in a single-view camera system. As such, surgical procedures are usually performed at a zoomed-in view, which limits the surgeon’s ability to see much outside the immediate focus of interest and causes a situational awareness challenge. We proposed a multiresolution foveated laparoscope (MRFL) aiming to address this limitation. The MRFL is able to simultaneously capture wide-angle overview and high-resolution images in real time; it can scan and engage the high-resolution images to any subregion of the entire surgical field in analogy to the fovea of human eye. The MRFL is able to render equivalently 10 million pixel resolution with a low data bandwidth requirement. The system has a large working distance (WD) from 80 to 180 mm. The spatial resolvability is about 45 μm in the object space at an 80 mm WD, while the resolvability of a conventional laparoscope is about 250 μm at a typically 50 mm surgical distance.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
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2012

H. Nathan and S. T. Tomasz, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 021104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

2006

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Albala, D.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arianpour, A.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aron, M.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Bouvy, N. D.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canes, D.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Cho, S.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Desai, M.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Fernandez, C.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrandino, M.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Francis, C.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gill, I.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Goel, R.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Greve, J.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haber, G.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Heemskerk, J.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horgan, S.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ito, E.

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, M.

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaouk, J.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Link, R.

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lo, Y.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maessen, J.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mintz, Y.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nathan, H.

H. Nathan and S. T. Tomasz, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 021104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pierre, S.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Preminger, G.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, W.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sekiya, T.

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, W.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stein, R.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

Su, L.

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, W.

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Talamini, M.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tomasz, S. T.

H. Nathan and S. T. Tomasz, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 021104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, F.

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Varkarakis, I.

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, A.

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zandbergen, R.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, P.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Urol.

D. Canes, M. Desai, M. Aron, G. Haber, R. Goel, R. Stein, J. Kaouk, and I. Gill, Eur. Urol. 54, 1020 (2008).

J. Biomed. Opt.

H. Nathan and S. T. Tomasz, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 021104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Tsai, D. Johnson, C. Francis, S. Cho, W. Qiao, A. Arianpour, Y. Mintz, S. Horgan, M. Talamini, and Y. Lo, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 030504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Endourol.

S. Pierre, M. Ferrandino, W. Simmons, C. Fernandez, P. Zhong, D. Albala, and G. Preminger, J. Endourol. 23, 523 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

T. Sekiya, E. Ito, M. Kanai, and M. Matsumoto, Proc. SPIE 6080, 60800E (2006).
[CrossRef]

Surg. Endosc.

J. Heemskerk, R. Zandbergen, J. Maessen, J. Greve, and N. D. Bouvy, Surg. Endosc. 20, 730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Urology

A. Wagner, I. Varkarakis, R. Link, W. Sullivan, and L. Su, Urology 68, 70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Conceptual system layout.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

System layout of MRFL: (a) objective lens group, (b) one relay lens group, and (c) scanning lens group.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) MTF of high-resolution probe when β=0° and (b) MTF of wide-angle probe.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) MRFL prototype and (b) wide-angle image of an abdominal cavity 120 mm away from the MRFL.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

High-resolution image at 80 mm WD.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

β=0.5×(fobj/fscan)×θ.
D=7.5um/(mhigh-res×mobj),

Metrics