Abstract

We report on the first microsecond doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO). It is based on a nested cavity OPO architecture allowing single longitudinal mode operation and low oscillation threshold (few microjoule). The combination with a master oscillator-power amplifier fiber pump laser provides a versatile optical source widely tunable in the 3.3–3.5 μm range with an adjustable pulse repetition rate (from 40 to 100 kHz), high duty cycle (102) and mean power (up to 25 mW in the idler beam). The potential for trace gas sensing applications is demonstrated through photoacoustic detection of atmospheric methane.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2009 (1)

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Godard, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

Abell, J.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Alam, S. U.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andrieux, E.

Arslanov, D. D.

Auerbach, M.

Bartlome, R.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berrou, A.

Bewley, W. W.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bo, W.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

Borschowa, L. A.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Cadoret, M.

Canedy, C. L.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cristescu, S. M.

Dejiao, L.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dherbecourt, J. B.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Fallnich, C.

Godard, A.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Hardy, A. Berrou, S. Guilbaud, M. Raybaut, A. Godard, and M. Lefebvre, Opt. Lett. 36, 678 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Godard, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gross, P.

Guilbaud, S.

Hardy, B.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Hardy, A. Berrou, S. Guilbaud, M. Raybaut, A. Godard, and M. Lefebvre, Opt. Lett. 36, 678 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Harren, F. J. M.

Henderson, A. J.

Kang Kang, C.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. S.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. E.

Kosterev, A. A.

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Lefebvre, M.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Hardy, A. Berrou, S. Guilbaud, M. Raybaut, A. Godard, and M. Lefebvre, Opt. Lett. 36, 678 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Malinovsky, A. L.

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Malinowski, A.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marinov, D.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mead, R. D.

Melkonian, J. M.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Merritt, C. D.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, J. R.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, A. K.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morozov, I. V.

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Peipei, J.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Plaessmann, H.

Raybaut, M.

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Hardy, A. Berrou, S. Guilbaud, M. Raybaut, A. Godard, and M. Lefebvre, Opt. Lett. 36, 678 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rey, J. M.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rihan, A.

Roper, P. M.

Serebryakov, D. V.

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Shuangshuang, C.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sigrist, M. W.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Swinkels, K.

Tittel, F. K.

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Vogler, D. E.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vurgaftman, I.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wächter, H.

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yonghang, S.

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zanon, T.

Zondy, J.-J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

B. Hardy, M. Raybaut, J. B. Dherbecourt, J. M. Melkonian, A. Godard, A. K. Mohamed, and M. Lefebvre, Appl. Phys. B 107, 643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, Appl. Phys. B 90, 289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 061104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Comptes Rendus Physique (1)

A. Godard, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Yonghang, S. U. Alam, C. Kang Kang, L. Dejiao, C. Shuangshuang, W. Bo, J. Peipei, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 385 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, D. V. Serebryakov, A. L. Malinovsky, and I. V. Morozov, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 043105 (2005).

Other (1)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds., Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics (Springer, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup describing the optical source and the photoacoustic (PA) spectroscopy setup. L1 and L3, collimating lenses; L2, pump focusing lens; OI, optical isolator; IR Det, infrared detector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Pump and (b) signal pulse profiles for different PRF. The curves are averaged over 20 consecutive pulses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Idler (3.5 μm) average output power (red triangles) and OPO buildup time (black dots) versus repetition rate (and pump peak power) at maximum average pump power (400 mW). Dashed lines are guides for the eyes.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Parametric gain bandwidth (PGB) at a set crystal temperature of 80°C, around λsignal=1.53μm and λidler=3.5μm (black curve). The red curve is the NesCOPO single frequency signal spectral output for a given position of mirrors M1 and M3. The measurement linewidth is limited by the OSA resolution (2 GHz). The signal cavity free spectral range is 4 GHz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental PA spectrum of atmospheric methane recorded by excitation of the 9th harmonic of the PA cell resonance. The absorption calculation based on HITRAN database highlights the levels of amplitude and background noises.

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