Abstract

A racetrack resonator with a high Q value (34,000) is demonstrated experimentally based on small SU-8 optical ridge waveguides, which were fabricated with an improved etchless process. Optical bistability is observed in the present racetrack resonator even with a low input optical power (5.6–7.3 mW), which is attributed to the significant thermal nonlinear optical effect due to the high Q value and the large negative thermo-optical coefficient of SU-8. Theoretical modeling for the optical bistability is also given, and it agrees well with the experimental result.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

A. Gondarenko, J. S. Levy, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 17, 11366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

2008 (1)

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

G. Hong, A. S. Holmes, and M. E. Heaton, Microsyst. Technol. 10, 357 (2004).

V. R. Almeida and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 29, 2387 (2004).

2003 (1)

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

P. Rabiei, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Almeida, V. R.

Bermel, P.

Bravo-Abad, J.

Brinker, W.

Castany, O.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chao, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

B. Yang, Y. Zhu, Y. Jiao, Z. Sheng, S. He, and D. Dai, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2009 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and D. Dai, Opt. Lett. 35, 4229 (2010).

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

Dodabalapur, A.

Dupont, L.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gadonna, M.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, 1985).

Gondarenko, A.

Gonokami, M. K.

Grote, N.

Guo, L. J.

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, I.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

He, S.

B. Yang, Y. Zhu, Y. Jiao, Z. Sheng, S. He, and D. Dai, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2009 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heaton, M. E.

G. Hong, A. S. Holmes, and M. E. Heaton, Microsyst. Technol. 10, 357 (2004).

Holmes, A. S.

G. Hong, A. S. Holmes, and M. E. Heaton, Microsyst. Technol. 10, 357 (2004).

Hong, G.

G. Hong, A. S. Holmes, and M. E. Heaton, Microsyst. Technol. 10, 357 (2004).

Ibanescu, M.

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, Y.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Rodriguez, P. Bermel, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Opt. Express 15, 16161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Rodriguez, P. Bermel, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Opt. Express 15, 16161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, R. H.

Katz, H. E.

Keil, N.

Kira, G.

Kuramochi, E.

Laine, J.-P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Levy, J. S.

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maalouf, A.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mettbach, N.

Mitsugi, S.

Notomi, M.

Ozawa, S.

Pun, E. Y. B.

K. K. Tung, W. H. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, Appl. Phys. A 80, 621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rabiei, P.

Rodriguez, A.

Sathaye, K.

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

Schilling, M. L.

Schmidt, D.

Sheng, Z.

B. Yang, Y. Zhu, Y. Jiao, Z. Sheng, S. He, and D. Dai, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2009 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

Slusher, R. E.

Soljacic, M.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Rodriguez, P. Bermel, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Opt. Express 15, 16161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

Tanabe, T.

Tung, K. K.

K. K. Tung, W. H. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, Appl. Phys. A 80, 621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wong, W. H.

K. K. Tung, W. H. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, Appl. Phys. A 80, 621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B.

B. Yang, Y. Zhu, Y. Jiao, Z. Sheng, S. He, and D. Dai, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2009 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zawadzki, C.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

K. K. Tung, W. H. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, Appl. Phys. A 80, 621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, B. Yang, Z. Sheng, J. Wang, D. Dai, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Dai, B. Yang, L. Yang, Z. Sheng, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Microsyst. Technol. (1)

G. Hong, A. S. Holmes, and M. E. Heaton, Microsyst. Technol. 10, 357 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

O. Castany, K. Sathaye, A. Maalouf, M. Gadonna, I. Hardy, and L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 290, 80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Yang, D. Dai, J. He, and S. He, Proc. SPIE 7631, 76310B (2009).

Other (1)

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) picture of the cross section of the fabricated SU-8 optical ridge waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Fabricated racetrack resonator. (b) SEM picture for the coupling region.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured responses of the racetrack resonator when it is with a low input power: (a) the through port and (b) the drop port.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured responses with increasing input powers (Pin) and (b) resonant wavelength as the input power Pin varies.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Bistability for the SU-8 racetrack resonator with an input wavelength of 1562.0 nm and (b) experimental setup.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Fitting of the measured response with Eq. (1).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Resonance-wavelength shift Δλ as Pout increases and (b) calculated and measured results for the bistability.

Equations (2)

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PdropWGx·PinWG=11+((λλres)/Γ)2,
PdropWGx·PinWG=11+(PdropWG/PoΔ)2,

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