Abstract

We theoretically investigate the quadratic nonlinear property of a silicon-organic hybrid plasmonic waveguide with a thin polymer layer deposited on top of a silicon slab and covered by a metal cap. Due to the hybridization property of the waveguide modes, efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation (SHG) from mid-infrared (IR) (3.1μm) to near-IR (1.55μm) wavelengths are achieved with a small fabrication-error sensitivity (225nmtolerated waveguide width378nm) and a large bandwidth (Δλ=100nm). The SHG yield is as large as 8.8% for a pumping power of 100 mW.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 4, 506 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. X. Dai and S. L. He, Opt. Express 17, 16646 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Davoyan, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 20063 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

1984 (1)

J. C. Quail and H. J. Simon, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alloatti, L.

Baets, R.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J. M. C.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

Brosi, J. M.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Q. Q.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D. X.

Davoyan, A. R.

Diederich, F.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Divliansky, I. B.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frank, B.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

L. Alloatti, D. Korn, C. Weimann, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Opt. Express 20, 20506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, S. B.

He, S. L.

Hu, X. P.

Jalali, B.

B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 4, 506 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jonasz, M.

Kauranen, M.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, Nat. Photonics 6, 737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, R.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Koos, C.

L. Alloatti, D. Korn, C. Weimann, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Opt. Express 20, 20506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Korn, D.

Kuyken, B.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

Leuthold, J.

L. Alloatti, D. Korn, C. Weimann, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Opt. Express 20, 20506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Li, T.

Liu, X. P.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F. F.

Modotto, D.

Mookherjea, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Oulton, R. F.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Pigozzo, F. M.

Pile, D. F. P.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, L.

Quail, J. C.

J. C. Quail and H. J. Simon, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

Roelkens, G.

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scimeca, M. L.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Simon, H. J.

J. C. Quail and H. J. Simon, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sorger, V. J.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

Weimann, C.

Xie, Z. D.

Xu, J.

Zayats, A. V.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, Nat. Photonics 6, 737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

Zhu, Y. Y.

Zlatanovic, S.

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. C. Quail and H. J. Simon, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (5)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 2, 496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, Nat. Photonics 6, 737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 4, 506 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, Nat. Photonics 4, 561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Liu, B. Kuyken, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, Nat. Photonics 6, 667 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, Proc. IEEE 97, 1304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the nonlinear HPW: hSi=480nm, hp=60nm, and hm=100nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a), (b) Mode refractive indices as a function of the width. Ey distributions of (c) zeroth mode at the FF, (d) first mode at the SH, and (e) zeroth mode at the SH at the phase-matching point of w=329.6nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Ey distributions on the centerline along the y direction (powers of modes have been normalized to 1 W).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity variations in the propagation with a pump power of 100 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Phase mismatch as functions of (a) width and (b) wavelength of the FF.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

AFF,0z=αFF,02AFF,0+iω4m=01κm0AFF,0*ASH,mexp(iΔβm0z)ASH,mz=αSH,m2ASH,m+iω4κm0*AFF,0AFF,0exp(iΔβm0z),

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