Abstract

We introduce a new stabilization scheme providing a pair of high-power, carrier-envelope-offset (CEO) frequency-stabilized, broadband, asynchronous frequency combs operating at 3.3 μm. The two channels, each with 100 mW average power and originating from a single synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator, share all the components for midinfrared generation and CEO-frequency detection, and can be stabilized independently at repetition frequencies up to 5 kHz apart. This unique source is fully compatible with midinfrared dual-comb spectroscopy, and the approach can be readily extended to other wavelengths.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Keilmann and S. Amarie, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 33, 479 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Zhang, J. Sun, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Express 19, 17127 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. T. I. Ferreiro, J. Sun, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 35, 1668 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 32, 1414 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Zhang, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Electron. Lett. 47, 1140 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

F. Keilmann and S. Amarie, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 33, 479 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, C. Gu, J. Sun, C. Wang, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 37, 187 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Electron. Lett. 47, 1140 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, J. Sun, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Express 19, 17127 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Amarie, S.

F. Keilmann and S. Amarie, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 33, 479 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baumann, E.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coddington, I.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferreiro, T. I.

Gale, B. J. S.

Gardiner, T.

Giorgetta, F. R.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

Guelachvili, G.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keilmann, F.

F. Keilmann and S. Amarie, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 33, 479 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, A.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, J. H.

Swann, W. C.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Zhang, Z.

Zolot, A. M.

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Z. Zhang, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, Electron. Lett. 47, 1140 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves (1)

F. Keilmann and S. Amarie, J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 33, 479 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, A. M. Zolot, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. A 84, 062513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Layout of the asynchronous mid-IR combs. FA, fiber amplifier; BS, beam-splitter; M, mirror; OC, output coupler; SFM, sum-frequency mixing; DM, dichroic mirror; PCF, photonic crystal fiber; pSC, pump supercontinuum; PBS, polarizing beam-splitter; IF, interference filter; PL, polarizer; APD, avalanche photodiode; BPF, band-pass filter; PFD, phase-frequency detector; PI, proportional-integral amplifier.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

RF spectra of the APD signal under different conditions, with frep=100MHz and Δf=100Hz (see text for details). For (a)–(c) the resolution bandwidth (RBW) and sweep time were, respectively, 100 kHz and 13.5 ms. For (d) and (e), respectively, the RBWs were 1 kHz and 10 Hz, and the sweep times were 258 ms and 12 s.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Detected signal on the APD [after a 50 MHz low-pass filter (LPF)] when only the p+i SFM outputs from the two channels were present (Δf=100Hz). (b) Zoomed-in image for one interferogram in (a), and (inset) optical spectrum obtained by Fourier transforming the interferogram (solid line) and comparison to each individual channel measured with an OSA (dashed lines).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Interactions Among (p+i)1, (p+i)2, pSC1, and pSC2

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