Abstract

N, N-dimethyl-4-nitroaniline doping enables red-light holographic recording that was originally insensitive in thick phenanthrenequinone/poly(methyl methacrylate) photopolymer to have reasonable sensitivity. A volume hologram was recorded by a 647 nm laser with maximum diffraction efficiency of about 43% in a 2-mm-thick sample. A Bragg selectivity curve and an image hologram reconstruction are also demonstrated. These experimental results support recording material for volume holographic applications in an extended red spectral range.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

2008

2002

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

K. T. Holman, A. M. Pivovar, and M. D. Ward, Science 2941907 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1997

D. A. Waldman, H. -Y. S. Li, and M. G. Horner, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 41, 497 (1997).

1991

1990

C. Sherman, G. Thurman, and S. Galen, Chem. Mater. 2, 609 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Andreeva, O. V.

Antipin, M. Y.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bandyuk, O. V.

Barbastathis, G.

Borbulevych, O. Y.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cao, L.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cardelino, B. H.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. L.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.-L.

S. H. Lin, P.-L. Chen, Y.-N. Hsiao, and W.-T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 281, 559 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. Z.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Lett. 25, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. L.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Clark, R. D.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H. J.

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, 2000), p. 159.

Galen, S.

C. Sherman, G. Thurman, and S. Galen, Chem. Mater. 2, 609 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gleeson, M. R.

M. R. Gleeson, J. Guo, and J. T. Sheridan, in New Polymers for Special Applications (InTech, 2012), Chap. 6, p. 165.

Guo, J.

M. R. Gleeson, J. Guo, and J. T. Sheridan, in New Polymers for Special Applications (InTech, 2012), Chap. 6, p. 165.

He, Q.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Holman, K. T.

K. T. Holman, A. M. Pivovar, and M. D. Ward, Science 2941907 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Horner, M. G.

D. A. Waldman, H. -Y. S. Li, and M. G. Horner, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 41, 497 (1997).

Hsiao, Y.-N.

S. H. Lin, P.-L. Chen, Y.-N. Hsiao, and W.-T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 281, 559 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K. Y.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Lett. 25, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Joseph, R.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kostuk, R. K.

Kowarschik, R.

Krul, L. P.

Li, C.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. -Y. S.

D. A. Waldman, H. -Y. S. Li, and M. G. Horner, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 41, 497 (1997).

Li, J.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. H.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lin, P.-L. Chen, Y.-N. Hsiao, and W.-T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 281, 559 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Lett. 25, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Matusevich, A.

Matusevich, V.

Matusevich, Yu. I.

Mok, F. H.

Moore, C. E.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moothanchery, M.

Mumbru, J.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

Naydenova, I.

Nesterov, V. N.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nimmi, K. P.

Pivovar, A. M.

K. T. Holman, A. M. Pivovar, and M. D. Ward, Science 2941907 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pramitha, V.

Psaltis, D.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, 2000), p. 159.

Romero, A.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russo, J. M.

Sanghadasa, M.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, J. T.

M. R. Gleeson, J. Guo, and J. T. Sheridan, in New Polymers for Special Applications (InTech, 2012), Chap. 6, p. 165.

Sherman, C.

C. Sherman, G. Thurman, and S. Galen, Chem. Mater. 2, 609 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G.

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, 2000), p. 159.

Solomatine, I.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

Sreekumar, K.

Stoll, H. M.

Subramanyan, N. V.

Sudha Kartha, C.

Syms, R. R. A.

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, 1990), Chap. 9, p. 240.

Tackitt, M. C.

Tan, L.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thurman, G.

C. Sherman, G. Thurman, and S. Galen, Chem. Mater. 2, 609 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Timofeeva, T. V.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toal, V.

Veniaminov, A. V.

Waldman, D. A.

D. A. Waldman, H. -Y. S. Li, and M. G. Horner, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 41, 497 (1997).

Ward, M. D.

K. T. Holman, A. M. Pivovar, and M. D. Ward, Science 2941907 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Whang, W. T.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Lett. 25, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Whang, W.-T.

S. H. Lin, P.-L. Chen, Y.-N. Hsiao, and W.-T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 281, 559 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Li, L. Cao, J. Li, Q. He, G. Jin, S. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 061108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Chem. Mater.

C. Sherman, G. Thurman, and S. Galen, Chem. Mater. 2, 609 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Imaging Sci. Technol.

D. A. Waldman, H. -Y. S. Li, and M. G. Horner, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 41, 497 (1997).

J. Mol. Struct.

O. Y. Borbulevych, R. D. Clark, A. Romero, L. Tan, M. Y. Antipin, V. N. Nesterov, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, M. Sanghadasa, and T. V. Timofeeva, J. Mol. Struct. 604, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Technol.

Opt. Commun.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W. Z. Chen, and W. T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 194, 103 (2001).

S. H. Lin, P.-L. Chen, Y.-N. Hsiao, and W.-T. Whang, Opt. Commun. 281, 559 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

P. L. Chen, S. L. Cho, J. H. Lin, S. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, and S. Chi, Opt. Eng. 51, 030503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

K. T. Holman, A. M. Pivovar, and M. D. Ward, Science 2941907 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, 1990), Chap. 9, p. 240.

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, 2000), p. 159.

P. Gunter and J.-P. Huinard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, Vol. 61 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, 1988), Chap. 8, p. 231.

M. R. Gleeson, J. Guo, and J. T. Sheridan, in New Polymers for Special Applications (InTech, 2012), Chap. 6, p. 165.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical absorption spectra of PQ, DMNA in MMA solution, PQ/PMMA, and PQ:DMNA/PMMA photopolymers. All curves were taken before the samples were exposed to red light.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dynamics of diffraction efficiencies of holograms in PQ/PMMA and PQ:DMNA/PMMA with 647 nm recording laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Bragg selectivity curve for a 2 mm thick sample for a hologram with diffraction efficiency 40%. The symbols represent measured results, and the curve is theoretical calculation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results for image reconstruction: (a) original transmitted image and (b) reconstructed image.

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