Abstract

We present a method of achieving a wide-angle, lightweight, optical see-through, distortion-free head-mounted display (HMD) by using two similar ellipsoids. An HMD that achieves a single channel field-of-view (FOV) of 120°×120° with a 6 mm eye box and a total binocular FOV of 160°×120° with an 80° field overlap is designed as an example. This method can solve the complex tiling problem and the distortion problem of other catadioptric structures. This structure is used to offset distortion and correct aberrations.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. M. Howlett, Proc. SPIE 1669, 193 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. W. Arthur, Effects of Field of View on Performance with Head-Mounted Displays (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000).
  3. L. G. Brown and Y. S. Boger, in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, p. 77.
  4. S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Cheng, Y. Wang, H. Hua, and J. Sasian, Opt. Lett. 36, 2098 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).
  7. A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Cakmakci and J. P. Rolland, J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199 (2006).
  9. A. Bauer, S. Vo, K. Parkins, F. Rodriguez, O. Cakmakci, and J. P. Rolland, Opt. Express 20, 14906 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Shafer, Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 53 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. E. Sanz and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1881 (1999).
  12. J. M. Sasian, Opt. Eng. 31, 527 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2013

D. Shafer, Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2007

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

2006

O. Cakmakci and J. P. Rolland, J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199 (2006).

2005

A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Sanz and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1881 (1999).

1992

J. M. Sasian, Opt. Eng. 31, 527 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Howlett, Proc. SPIE 1669, 193 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arthur, K. W.

K. W. Arthur, Effects of Field of View on Performance with Head-Mounted Displays (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000).

Bauer, A.

Bayer, M.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Boger, Y. S.

L. G. Brown and Y. S. Boger, in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, p. 77.

Brown, L. G.

L. G. Brown and Y. S. Boger, in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, p. 77.

Cakmakci, O.

Cassarly, W.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Cheng, D.

Gupta, A.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Howlett, E. M.

E. M. Howlett, Proc. SPIE 1669, 193 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hua, H.

Inoguchi, K.

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Little, J.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Morishima, H.

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nash, B.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Navarro, R.

I. E. Sanz and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1881 (1999).

Parkins, K.

Riser, A.

A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, F.

Rogers, J. R.

A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rolland, J. P.

Saito, Y.

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sanz, I. E.

I. E. Sanz and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1881 (1999).

Sasian, J.

Sasian, J. M.

J. M. Sasian, Opt. Eng. 31, 527 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shafer, D.

D. Shafer, Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sisodia, A.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. T.

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

Taniguchi, N.

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vo, S.

Wang, Y.

Yamazaki, S.

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Technol.

D. Shafer, Adv. Opt. Technol. 2, 53 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol.

O. Cakmakci and J. P. Rolland, J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

I. E. Sanz and R. Navarro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1881 (1999).

Opt. Eng.

J. M. Sasian, Opt. Eng. 31, 527 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

A. Sisodia, M. Bayer, P. T. Smith, B. Nash, J. Little, W. Cassarly, and A. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6557, 65570N (2007).

A. Sisodia, A. Riser, and J. R. Rogers, Proc. SPIE 5801, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Howlett, Proc. SPIE 1669, 193 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, Proc. SPIE 3639, 453 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. W. Arthur, Effects of Field of View on Performance with Head-Mounted Displays (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000).

L. G. Brown and Y. S. Boger, in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2008), Vol. 39, p. 77.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

System components and optics.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Top view of the system. (b) Effect of schematic eye in large FOV. (c) Front view of wearing. (d) Lateral view of wearing with mass center.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Chief rays of just one ellipsoid. (b) Minimum distortion when an angle exists between an image plane and an object plane. (c) Structure of two ellipsoids. (d) Free grid distortion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Beam path of parallel light with section reflected by two ellipsoids without relay lens. (b) Chief ray of every field with ball-like relay lens.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Points to be optimized and (b) grid distortion.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) MTF plots of the eyepiece.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Original and (b) simulated pictures.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Performance Parameters

Metrics