Abstract

We demonstrate a comb-calibrated frequency-modulated continuous-wave laser detection and ranging (FMCW ladar) system for absolute distance measurements. The FMCW ladar uses a compact external cavity laser that is swept quasi-sinusoidally over 1 THz at a 1 kHz rate. The system simultaneously records the heterodyne FMCW ladar signal and the instantaneous laser frequency at sweep rates up to 3400  THz/s, as measured against a free-running frequency comb (femtosecond fiber laser). Demodulation of the ladar signal against the instantaneous laser frequency yields the range to the target with 1 ms update rates, bandwidth-limited 130 μm resolution and a ∼100  nm accuracy that is directly linked to the counted repetition rate of the comb. The precision is <100  nm at the 1 ms update rate and reaches ∼6  nm for a 100 ms average.

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2012

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Knabe, P. A. Williams, F. R. Giorgetta, C. M. Armacost, S. Crivello, M. B. Radunsky, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Express 20, 12432 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, W. R. Babbitt, B. Kaylor, R. R. Reibel, and P. A. Roos, Appl. Opt. 49, 213 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Balling, P. Kren, P. Masika, and S. A. van den Berg, Opt. Express 17, 9300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, Opt. Express 17, 15991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Roos, R. R. Reibel, T. Berg, B. Kaylor, Z. W. Barber, and W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 34, 3692 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2001

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

Amann, M.-C.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Arai, K.

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Armacost, C. M.

Babbitt, W. R.

Balling, P.

Barber, Z. W.

Baumann, E.

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berg, T.

Berger, J.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Bhattacharya, N.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bosch, T.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T.-A. Liu, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, Opt. Express 19, 18501 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 36, 1152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Crivello, S.

Dagalakis, N.

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

Dahl, J. R.

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Drake, J.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Dutta, S.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Fennema, A.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Giorgetta, F. R.

K. Knabe, P. A. Williams, F. R. Giorgetta, C. M. Armacost, S. Crivello, M. B. Radunsky, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Express 20, 12432 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 36, 1152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, J.

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grade, J.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Greenfield, N.

Holzwarth, R.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Howard, L.

Hrinya, S.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Hyun, S.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ilkov, F.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Inaba, H.

Jerman, H.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Jin, J.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Juberts, M.

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

Kaylor, B.

Kim, S. W.

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-W.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. J.

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

King, D.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knabe, K.

Kok, G. J. P.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kren, P.

Le Floch, S.

Lee, H.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lescure, M.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leveque, S.

Leyva, V.

Liu, T.-A.

Masika, P.

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Myllyla, R.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nenadovic, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

K. Knabe, P. A. Williams, F. R. Giorgetta, C. M. Armacost, S. Crivello, M. B. Radunsky, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Express 20, 12432 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T.-A. Liu, N. R. Newbury, and I. Coddington, Opt. Express 19, 18501 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 36, 1152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D.

Ozdur, I.

Persijn, S. T.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Piracha, M. U.

Radunsky, M. B.

Rakuljic, G.

Reibel, R. R.

Rioux, M.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roos, P. A.

Salvade, Y.

Satyan, N.

Schuhler, N.

Stejskal, A.

Stone, J.

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

Stone, J. A.

Stone, W. C.

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tselikov, A.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

van den Berg, S. A.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Balling, P. Kren, P. Masika, and S. A. van den Berg, Opt. Express 17, 9300 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyev, A.

Williams, P. A.

Yariv, A.

Yasumura, K.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

Zeitouny, M. G.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

I. Coddington, F. R. Giorgetta, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

S. Hyun, Y.-J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Jin, and S.-W. Kim, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nat. Photonics 3, 529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 4, 853 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 3, 351 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S. W. Kim, Nat. Photonics 4, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

M.-C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllyla, and M. Rioux, Opt. Eng. 40, 10 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. A. van den Berg, S. T. Persijn, G. J. P. Kok, M. G. Zeitouny, and N. Bhattacharya, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 183901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. C. Stone, M. Juberts, N. Dagalakis, J. Stone, and J. Gorman, “Performance analysis of next-generation LADAR,” Tech. Rep. NISTIR 7117 (NIST, 2004).

D. Anthon, J. Berger, J. Drake, S. Dutta, A. Fennema, J. Grade, S. Hrinya, F. Ilkov, H. Jerman, D. King, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, and K. Yasumura, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC, 2002), pp. 97–98.

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