Abstract

Utilizing a recently developed two-step fabrication process, we have experimentally demonstrated what is to the best of our knowledge the first ever integrated antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW), directly inscribed into bulk optical glass. The waveguide consists of an array of high-index contrast rods that surround an unmodified core. The transmission spectrum reveals the formation of discrete bandgaps that can be tuned by varying the diameter of the individual rods.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Z. Zhang, B. Bian, and J. Lu, Proc. SPIE 6838, 68381K (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

C. Schaffer, J. García, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Arriola, A.

Bian, B.

Z. Zhang, B. Bian, and J. Lu, Proc. SPIE 6838, 68381K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bird, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Bolger, J. A.

Brocas, A.

Broeng, J.

Canioni, L.

Charles, N.

Chen, M.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, S. C.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fatome, J.

Finot, C.

Fuerbach, A.

García, J.

C. Schaffer, J. García, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Gross, S.

Hansen, K. P.

Hedley, T. D.

Isomäki, A.

Jovanovic, N.

Kibler, B.

Knight, J. C.

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 29, 2369 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Lu, J.

Z. Zhang, B. Bian, and J. Lu, Proc. SPIE 6838, 68381K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martynkien, T.

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, J. García, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

Miese, C. T.

Murao, T.

Nulsen, A.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Olaizola, S. M.

Olausson, C. B.

Pearce, G. J.

Pfeiffer, L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Poliakov, E.

N. M. Litchinitser and E. Poliakov, Appl. Phys. B 81, 347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, M.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Saitoh, K.

Sarger, L.

Schaffer, C.

C. Schaffer, J. García, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Steinvurzel, P.

Steinvurzel, P. E.

Stentz, A. J.

Sterke, C. Martijnde

Szpulak, M.

Tuthill, P. G.

Ueda, K.

Urbanczyk, W.

Wabnitz, S.

White, T. P.

Windeler, R. S.

Withford, M. J.

Wojcik, J.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, B. Bian, and J. Lu, Proc. SPIE 6838, 68381K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zoubir, A.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. Schaffer, J. García, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. M. Litchinitser and E. Poliakov, Appl. Phys. B 81, 347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Z. Zhang, B. Bian, and J. Lu, Proc. SPIE 6838, 68381K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

End-on view of an ARROW inscribed with 70 nJ pulse energy at (a) normal exposure and (b) long exposure to reveal the ARROW mode. The writing laser beam was incident from the top.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral transmission of three ARROWs illustrating red shifting of the bandgaps and fragmentation of higher-order bandgaps with increasing pulse energy. The higher-order mode intensity profiles of a single modification are shown as insets for each low transmission region as well as their computed cutoff wavelengths.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Refractive index profile in percentage change of an 80 nJ modification. (b) 12×11μm white-light guided mode (60 nJ pulse energy).

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