Abstract

We demonstrated a general approach for plasmonic sensing using metal single nanowires based on an evanescent coupling technique, where light was efficiently launched into and picked up from the metal nanowires using silica fiber tapers. A high amplitude sensitivity of 13dB to 1.2% hydrogen was obtained using palladium-coated Au nanowires for hydrogen sensing, and a fast response of 5ms was obtained using a polyacrylamide film-supported Ag nanowire for relative humidity sensing. Our results may help develop metal nanowire-based plasmonic sensors.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Villatoro and D. Monzón-Hernández, Opt. Express 13, 5087 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, Nano Lett. 8, 2757 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Zhang, F. Gu, J. Lou, X. Yin, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 16, 13349 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Gu, X. Yin, H. Yu, P. Wang, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 17, 11230 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, Opt. Express 13, 2135 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Brambilla, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 331 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Zhang and H. Xu, ACS Nano 6, 8128 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 20, 19006 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).
  16. M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Gu, H. Yu, P. Wang, Z. Yang, and L. Tong, ACS Nano 4, 5332 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Ma, X. Li, H. Yu, L. Tong, X. Gu, and Q. Gong, Opt. Lett. 35, 1160 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Wang, F. Gu, L. Zhang, and L. Tong, Appl. Opt. 50, G7 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

P. Wang, F. Gu, L. Zhang, and L. Tong, Appl. Opt. 50, G7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

F. Gu, H. Yu, P. Wang, Z. Yang, and L. Tong, ACS Nano 4, 5332 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Li, H. Yu, L. Tong, X. Gu, and Q. Gong, Opt. Lett. 35, 1160 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

F. Gu, X. Yin, H. Yu, P. Wang, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 17, 11230 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

L. Zhang, F. Gu, J. Lou, X. Yin, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 16, 13349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, Nano Lett. 8, 2757 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Anderton, C. R.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Banach, U.

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

Bao, J. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Black, G.

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

Boon-Brett, L.

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, M.-S.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chong, Y.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Doh, Y.-J.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, R.

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, F.

Gu, X.

Guo, X.

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, Opt. Express 20, 19006 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hübert, T.

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

Jung, M.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Law, M.

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Letant, S. E.

D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, B.

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J.

Ma, Y.

Ma, Y. G.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maria, J.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Monzón-Hernández, D.

Noh, H.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nuzzo, R. G.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ratto, T. V.

D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seo, K.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sirbuly, D. J.

D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, W.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, M. E.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, A.

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, L. B.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

Tong, L. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Villatoro, J.

Wang, P.

Wang, Y.

Wiley, B. J.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Woo, B.-C.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

S. Zhang and H. Xu, ACS Nano 6, 8128 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

F. Gu, H. Yu, P. Wang, Z. Yang, and L. Tong, ACS Nano 4, 5332 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z.

Yin, X.

Yoo, Y.

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

Yu, H. K.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang and H. Xu, ACS Nano 6, 8128 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (4)

S. Zhang and H. Xu, ACS Nano 6, 8128 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jung, H. Noh, Y.-J. Doh, W. Song, Y. Chong, M.-S. Choi, Y. Yoo, K. Seo, N. Kim, B.-C. Woo, B. Kim, and J. Kim, ACS Nano 5, 2271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Gu, H. Yu, P. Wang, Z. Yang, and L. Tong, ACS Nano 4, 5332 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

D. J. Sirbuly, A. Tao, M. Law, R. Fan, and P. Yang, Adv. Mater. 19, 61 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Sirbuly, S. E. Letant, and T. V. Ratto, Adv. Mater. 20, 4724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, Chem. Rev. 108, 494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, Nano Lett. 8, 2757 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, Nano Lett. 9, 4515 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Photonics 4, 83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

G. Brambilla, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

T. Hübert, L. Boon-Brett, G. Black, and U. Banach, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157, 329 (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Comparison of energy field confinement in a 100 nm diameter Ag nanowire and 400 nm diameter ZnO nanowire, (a) and (b) at air cladding condition, and (c) and (d) at MgF2-supported condition, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) TEM image of a typical 80 nm diameter Au nanowire coated with a 13 nm thick Pd layer. (b) High-resolution TEM image of Pd particle coating. (c) Schematic diagram of a suspended nanowire with one end coupled with a fiber taper. The fiber taper was supported on an MgF2 substrate. (d), (e) Optical micrographs of a 100 nm diameter Pd-coated Au nanowire supported by a silica fiber taper and its guiding 635 nm light. (f) Transmission as a function of time for different concentrations of hydrogen of a Pd-coated Au nanowire, with an 80 nm diameter and a 25 μm length. Inset shows the optical micrographs of the nanowire and fiber taper used. (g) Transmission change versus hydrogen concentration in logarithmic scale.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical micrographs of a 190 nm diameter Ag nanowire placed across the polyacrylamide film and its guiding (b) 635 nm and (c) 980 nm monochromatic light, and (d) a broadband supercontinuum source. (e) Transmittance of the Ag nanowire exposed to atmosphere of RH from 26% to 82%. Inset, transmittance change of the nanowire at 680 nm. (f) Response of the nanowire when RH jumped from 82% to 70%.

Metrics