Abstract

Characterization of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in an elliptic-core two-mode fiber is experimentally demonstrated. The LP01 or LP11 mode is selectively launched to a fiber under test by a mode-selective coupler as a Brillouin pump, and the Brillouin gain spectra are analyzed for different mode pairs of the pump and probe waves. Intermodal SBS between counterpropagating LP01 and LP11 modes is observed, and the efficiency is measured to be about 58% of that of the SBS between the LP01 modes.

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2002 (2)

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, D. Culverhouse, and F. Farahi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1195 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (3)

C. K. Jen, A. Safaai-Jazi, and G. W. Farnell, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 33, 634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 106 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 581 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Al Amin, A.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, Electron. Lett. 47, 606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blake, J. N.

Bolle, C. A.

Chen, X.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, Electron. Lett. 47, 606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Culverhouse, D.

P. St. J. Russell, D. Culverhouse, and F. Farahi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1195 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R. J.

Farahi, F.

P. St. J. Russell, D. Culverhouse, and F. Farahi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1195 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Farnell, G. W.

C. K. Jen, A. Safaai-Jazi, and G. W. Farnell, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 33, 634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hanzawa, N.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Huang, S. Y.

Hwang, I. K.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jen, C. K.

C. K. Jen, A. Safaai-Jazi, and G. W. Farnell, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 33, 634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Li, A.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, Electron. Lett. 47, 606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lingle, R.

Matsui, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

McCurdy, A.

Mermelstein, M.

Park, H. S.

Peckham, D. W.

Randel, S.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, D. Culverhouse, and F. Farahi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1195 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

Safaai-Jazi, A.

C. K. Jen, A. Safaai-Jazi, and G. W. Farnell, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 33, 634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Sakamoto, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Shaw, H. J.

Shieh, W.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, Electron. Lett. 47, 606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sierra, A.

Song, K. Y.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

Tomita, S.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Ward, B.

Winzer, P. J.

Yun, S. H.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. St. J. Russell, D. Culverhouse, and F. Farahi, Electron. Lett. 26, 1195 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, Electron. Lett. 47, 606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

C. K. Jen, A. Safaai-Jazi, and G. W. Farnell, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 33, 634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Functions of the MSC: (a) selective launching of LP 0 1 or LP 1 1 mode to the TMF. (b) Separation of LP 0 1 and LP 1 1 of the TMF into different ports.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup: SSBM, single-sideband modulator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; EDFA, Er-doped fiber amplifier; VOA, variable optical attenuator; PC, polarization controller; LIA, lock-in amplifier; MS, mode stripper (by bending).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Loss of the probe wave as a function of the bending radius. Note the dashed line indicates the bending radius used for the mode strip of the LP 1 1 mode. (b) Far-field patterns of the pump wave with the LP 0 1 (left) or the LP 1 1 (right) mode launched by the MSC.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured BGS for the pump–probe pair of (a)  LP 0 1 LP 0 1 , (b)  LP 0 1 LP 1 1 , (c)  LP 1 1 LP 0 1 , and (d)  LP 1 1 LP 1 1 modes. Note that the gray curve is the result of a Lorentzian fit for each.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Brillouin gain as a function of pump power for the pump–probe pairs of (a)  LP 0 1 LP 0 1 , (b)  LP 0 1 LP 1 1 , (c)  LP 1 1 LP 0 1 , and (d)  LP 1 1 LP 1 1 , plotted with a line fit for each.

Tables (3)

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Table 1. MSC Ports for Different Pairs of the Pump and the Probe

Tables Icon

Table 2. Characteristics of the BGS

Tables Icon

Table 3. Comparison Between the Experiment and the Simulation Results

Equations (1)

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ν B = V a · ( n 1 λ 1 + n 2 λ 2 ) V a λ · ( n 1 + n 2 ) ,

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