Abstract

Cherenkov phase-matched terahertz (THz) wave generation from a MgO:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide was studied using optical rectification. Pumping was achieved using 20 and 60  fs laser pulses from a fiber laser centered at 1.56 μm. Time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) results showed a single-cycle pulse with 20  fs pulse pumping and a near-single-cycle pulse with 60  fs pulse pumping. The spectrum covered the range of 0.1–7 THz, with a signal-to-noise ratio of over 50  dB. The output power measured by a Si bolometer and a deuterated triglycine sulfate pyroelectric detector is shown and compared to that of a commercial photoconductive antenna. This system is believed to be a promising THz source for low-cost, compact, robust, and highly integrated TDS, THz imaging, and tomography systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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J. D. Rowley, J. K. Pierce, A. T. Brant, L. E. Halliburton, N. C. Giles, P. G. Schunemann, and A. D. Bristow, Opt. Lett. 37, 788 (2012).
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W.-C. Chu, S. A. Ku, H. J. Wang, C. W. Luo, Y. M. Andreev, G. Lanskii, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 37, 945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, Y. Avetisyan, A. Glosser, I. Kawayama, H. Murakami, and M. Tonouchi, Opt. Express 20, 8784 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 22, 904 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1971

K. H. Yang, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 320 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, T.

Andreev, Y. M.

Avetisyan, Y.

Baker, C.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beere, H. E.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bodrov, S. B.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 201114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, L.

Brant, A. T.

Brantley, C.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bristow, A. D.

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chu, W.-C.

Davies, A. G.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, E.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Evans, M. J.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J. A.

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giles, N. C.

Glosser, A.

Gorelov, S. D.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, I. S.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Halliburton, L. E.

Harsha, S. S.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

Hoffmann, M. C.

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

Ichino, S.

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ilyakov, I. E.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 201114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, R. H.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, S.

Kasai, S.

Kawase, K.

K. Takeya, K. Suizu, H. Sai, T. Ouchi, and K. Kawase, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 8500212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Suizu, K. Koketsu, T. Shibuya, T. Tsutsui, T. Akiba, and K. Kawase, Opt. Express 17, 6676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Takayanagi, S. Kanamori, K. Suizu, M. Yamashita, T. Ouchi, S. Kasai, H. Ohtake, H. Uchida, N. Nishizawa, and K. Kawase, Opt. Express 16, 12859 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawayama, I.

Kobayashi, T.

Koketsu, K.

Ku, S. A.

Lanskii, G.

Leitenstorfer, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Linfield, E. H.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Lü, Z.

Luo, C.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C. W.

Mashkovich, E. A.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, R.

I. D. Vugmeyster, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 181101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 22, 904 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Molter, D.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, H.

Nakamura, K.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Nuss, M. C.

D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 22, 904 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, H.

Ouchi, T.

Pierce, J. K.

Richards, P. L.

K. H. Yang, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 320 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, J. D.

Ruchert, C.

Ruffin, P.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sai, H.

K. Takeya, K. Suizu, H. Sai, T. Ouchi, and K. Kawase, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 8500212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Shen, Y. C.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

K. H. Yang, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 320 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Shibuya, T.

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Suizu, K. Koketsu, T. Shibuya, T. Tsutsui, T. Akiba, and K. Kawase, Opt. Express 17, 6676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shishkin, B. V.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 201114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. N.

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 201114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suizu, K.

K. Takeya, K. Suizu, H. Sai, T. Ouchi, and K. Kawase, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 8500212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Suizu, K. Koketsu, T. Shibuya, T. Tsutsui, T. Akiba, and K. Kawase, Opt. Express 17, 6676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Takayanagi, S. Kanamori, K. Suizu, M. Yamashita, T. Ouchi, S. Kasai, H. Ohtake, H. Uchida, N. Nishizawa, and K. Kawase, Opt. Express 16, 12859 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

Takayanagi, J.

Takeya, K.

K. Takeya, K. Suizu, H. Sai, T. Ouchi, and K. Kawase, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 8500212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, M.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

Torosyan, G.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tribe, W. R.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsarev, M. V.

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsui, T.

Uchida, H.

Upadhya, P. C.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vicario, C.

Vugmeyster, I. D.

I. D. Vugmeyster, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 181101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. J.

Whitaker, J. F.

I. D. Vugmeyster, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 181101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Winnerl, S.

S. Winnerl, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Yamashita, M.

Yang, C.-E.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. H.

K. H. Yang, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 320 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, J.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, D.

Zhao, Z.

Zheng, G.

Zhou, Z.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Gao, C.-E. Yang, Y. Chang, J. Yao, S. Yin, C. Luo, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, and E. Edwards, Appl. Phys. B 109, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, and M. J. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Vugmeyster, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 181101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Yang, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 320 (1971).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, K. Nakamura, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Bakunov, E. A. Mashkovich, M. V. Tsarev, and S. D. Gorelov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Bodrov, I. E. Ilyakov, B. V. Shishkin, and A. N. Stepanov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 201114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Chem.

M. Theuer, S. S. Harsha, D. Molter, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, Chem. Phys. Chem. 12, 2695 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Takeya, K. Suizu, H. Sai, T. Ouchi, and K. Kawase, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 8500212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves

S. Winnerl, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, S. Ichino, K. Suizu, and T. Shibuya, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of the experimental setup. BS, beam splitter; FL, aspherical focal lens. The objects inside the orange dashed boxes are only used for TDS measurements.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photograph of the LN ridge waveguide and the semi-cone silicon lens.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

THz output measured by a Si bolometer and a DTGS pyro-detector. The data for the PCA were multiplied by 100 for clarity. The blue dashed line indicates the maximum pumping for measurement with the bolometer, which was limited due to the saturation of the lock-in amplifier.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Temporal pulses and (b) spectrum from TDS measurement.

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