Abstract

We demonstrate a symmetric, single-spatial-mode, single-photon heralding efficiency of 84% for a type-II spontaneous parametric downconversion process. High-efficiency, single-spatial mode collection is key to enabling many quantum information processing and quantum metrology applications.

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2013

2012

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

R. S. Bennink, Phys. Rev. A. 81, 053805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Fedrizzi, T. Herbst, A. Poppe, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, Opt. Express 15, 15377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1996

1993

P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 47, R747 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

A. Garg and N. D. Mermin, Phys. Rev. D 35, 3831(1987).
[CrossRef]

1982

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976

E. S. Fry and R. C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 465 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972

S. J. Freedman and J. F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 938 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970

P. M. Pearle, Phys. Rev. D 2, 1418 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1964

J. S. Bell, Physics 1, 195 (1964).

Acín, A.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amemiya, K.

Aspect, A.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bell, J. S.

J. S. Bell, Physics 1, 195 (1964).

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, Phys. Rev. A. 81, 053805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, N.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Calkins, B.

Cavalcanti, E. G.

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

Clauser, J. F.

S. J. Freedman and J. F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 938 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Cromer, C. L.

Cyril Branciard, C.

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

Di Giuseppe, G.

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 47, R747 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fedrizzi, A.

Freedman, S. J.

S. J. Freedman and J. F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 938 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

E. S. Fry and R. C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 465 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, G.

Fujino, H.

Fukuda, D.

Garg, A.

A. Garg and N. D. Mermin, Phys. Rev. D 35, 3831(1987).
[CrossRef]

Gentile, T. R.

Gerrits, T.

Gianani, I.

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giustina, M.

Grangier, P.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Groeblacher, S.

Gruber, S. M.

Herbst, T.

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Houston, J. M.

Inoue, S.

Ishii, H.

Itatani, T.

Jennewein, T.

Lita, A.

Lita, A. E.

Ljunggren, D.

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lucamarini, M.

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Massar, S.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mataloni, P.

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mech, A.

Mermin, N. D.

A. Garg and N. D. Mermin, Phys. Rev. D 35, 3831(1987).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A. J.

Nam, S. W.

Numata, T.

Pearle, P. M.

P. M. Pearle, Phys. Rev. D 2, 1418 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pironio, S.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

Ramelow, S.

Roger, G.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Scarani, V.

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tengner, M.

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. C.

E. S. Fry and R. C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 465 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

Ursin, R.

Vallone, G.

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vayshenker, I.

Walborn, S. P.

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

Wieczorek, W.

Wiseman, H. M.

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

Yoshizawa, A.

Zama, T.

Zeilinger, A.

Zelinger, A.

Appl. Opt.

New J. Phys.

S. Pironio, A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, and V. Scarani, New J. Phys. 11, 045021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Cyril Branciard, E. G. Cavalcanti, S. P. Walborn, V. Scarani, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 85, 010301 (2012).

M. Lucamarini, G. Vallone, I. Gianani, P. Mataloni, and G. Di Giuseppe, Phys. Rev. A 86, 032325 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 47, R747 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A.

R. S. Bennink, Phys. Rev. A. 81, 053805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. D

P. M. Pearle, Phys. Rev. D 2, 1418 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. Garg and N. D. Mermin, Phys. Rev. D 35, 3831(1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Freedman and J. F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 938 (1972).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Fry and R. C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 465 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Acín, N. Brunner, N. Gisin, S. Massar, S. Pironio, and V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 230501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Physics

J. S. Bell, Physics 1, 195 (1964).

Other

M. Giustina, A. Mech, S. Ramelow, B. Wittmann, J. Kofler, A. Lita, B. Calkins, T. Gerrits, S. W. Nam, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Bell violation with entangled photons, free of the fair-sampling assumption,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.0533 (2013).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Complete optical setup of collinear type-II SPDC source and collection, (b) optical setup for calibrating transmittance of a device under test (DUT). Q1, λ / 4 plate at 405 nm; Q2, λ / 4 plate at 810 nm; H1 and H2, λ / 2 plates at 405 nm; H3 and H4, λ / 2 plates at 810 nm; L1 to L6, lenses. Focal lengths for L1 and L2: f = 14 mm ; and for L4 and L5: f = 11 mm . Lenses with f = 300 , 400, 500, and 750 mm were used for L3 to produce the collection beam waists of 60, 90, 120, and 175 μm in Fig. 2 with appropriate adjustments in the optical path length. F1 to F3, single-mode optical fibers; GT, Glan–Taylor polarizer; B1 (B2), 10 nm bandpass filter centered at 405 nm (810nm); B3, 2 nm bandpass filter centered at 810 nm; LP, long pass filter ( > 600 nm ); M1 to M9, mirrors; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; BS, 50 / 50 nonpolarizing beam splitter; D1 and D2, SPDs. Arrows above some optical elements indicate that these elements are translated to produce the desired beam waist.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Heralding efficiencies as a function of the optical beam waist of the collection mode at the center of the crystal, corrected for SPD efficiencies and (b) detected single-photon and two-photon coincident events in 30 s.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Optical Transmittancesa

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