Abstract

We generate photon pairs at telecom wavelength through a spontaneous four-wave mixing process in a short 10 m of highly nonlinear fiber. We use a counterpropagating scheme to generate a correlated and entangled photon pair. We observe coincidence to accidental-coincidence ratio of 29±3 at room temperature (300 K) and as high as 130±5 when the fiber is cooled to liquid-nitrogen temperature (77 K). Two-photon interference with visibility >98% (>92%) and the violation of Bell’s inequality by >12 (5) standard deviation are observed at 77 K (300 K), respectively, without subtracting accidental-coincidence count. We obtain a photon-pair production rate about factor 3(2) higher than a 300 m dispersion-shifted fiber at 300 K (77 K).

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. Cheng, Y. Huang, and J. Peng, Opt. Express 18, 17114 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.
  6. X. Li, P. Voss, J. Chen, K. Lee, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 13, 2236 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

1969 (1)

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Canagasabey, A.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Cheng, J.

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Corbari, C.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, M. A.

K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.

Helt, L. G.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Ibsen, M.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Itabashi, S.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. Voss, J. Chen, K. Lee, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 13, 2236 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.

Lee, K.

Lee, K. F.

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.

Li, X.

Liang, C.

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.

Liscidini, M.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Migdall, A.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, T.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Qian, L.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Opt. Express 13, 7832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tokura, Y.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P.

Voss, P. L.

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 31, 1905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhou, Q.

Zhu, E. Y.

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Y. Zhu, Z. Tang, L. Qian, L. G. Helt, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, C. Corbari, A. Canagasabey, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 213902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. F. Lee, M. A. Hall, C. Liang, and P. Kumar, Frontiers in Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), p. PDP_FC7.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Layout of experimental setup. FC, fiber-to-free-space collimators; PBS, polarization beam splitter; HWP and QWP, half- and quarter-wave plates; DWDM, dense wavelength division multiplexer; APD, avalanche photodiode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Coincidence to accidental-coincidence ratio (CAR) versus pump power with HNLF at 300 K (blue dot) and 77 K (red triangle). Inset: coincidence (blue square) and accidental (black triangle) counts versus pump power for 300 K (upper) and 77 K (lower).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Two-photon interference fringes with HNLF at 300 K (a) θ1=0° and (b) θ1=135°.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Two-photon interference fringes with HNLF at 77 K (a) θ1=0° and (b) θ1=135°.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Violation of Bell’s Inequality for State |HiVs|ViHs

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