A body-of-revolution finite-difference time-domain (BOR-FDTD) method was developed and employed to rigorously analyze axisymmetric transformation optics (TO) lenses. The novelty of the proposed BOR-FDTD technique is that analytical expressions were derived and presented to introduce obliquely incident plane waves into the total-field/scattered-field formulation, allowing for accurate simulation of BOR objects in layered media illuminated by obliquely incident waves. The accuracy of the proposed method was verified by comparing numerical results with analytical solutions. The developed code was further utilized to study the imaging properties of a cylindrical TO Luneburg lens on a substrate, demonstrating the desired focusing of light onto a flat plane.
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