Abstract

An ultra-short (10μm long) polarization beam splitter (PBS) based on an asymmetrical bent directional coupler (DC) is demonstrated experimentally by using silicon-on-insulator nanowires. The bent DC is designed to cross-couple TM polarized light completely while there is almost no coupling for TE polarization. Grating couplers are introduced at both ends of the PBS for efficient coupling to single-mode fibers. The measurement results show that the extinction ratios of the fabricated ultra-short PBS are higher than 10 dB for both polarizations in a broad wavelength range. It is also shown that the present PBS has a large fabrication tolerance.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. Bowers, Light: Science & Applications 1, e1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

Y. Tang, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Katigbak, J. Strother, and J. Lin, Opt. Eng. 48, 080503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Yang, S. Y. Shin, and D. M. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Ye, D. Xu, S. Janz, P. Waldron, P. Cheben, and N. Tarr, Opt. Lett. 32, 1492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Feng and Z. Zhou, Opt. Lett. 32, 1662 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 393 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Kiyat, A. Aydinli, and N. Dagli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 100 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2001

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V.

Ao, X.

X. Ao, L. Liu, W. Lech, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Augustin, L. M.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aydinli, A.

I. Kiyat, A. Aydinli, and N. Dagli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 100 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Barrios, C.

Bauters, J.

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. Bowers, Light: Science & Applications 1, e1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bienstman, P.

Bowers, J.

Cheben, P.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Ye, D. Xu, S. Janz, P. Waldron, P. Cheben, and N. Tarr, Opt. Lett. 32, 1492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K.

S. Lin, J. Hu, and K. Crozier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dagli, N.

I. Kiyat, A. Aydinli, and N. Dagli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 100 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

de Laat, W. J. M.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Delâge, A.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

Fukuda, H.

Grattan, K. T. V.

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hanfoug, R.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Y. Tang, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ao, L. Liu, W. Lech, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

S. Lin, J. Hu, and K. Crozier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

Janz, S.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Ye, D. Xu, S. Janz, P. Waldron, P. Cheben, and N. Tarr, Opt. Lett. 32, 1492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Katigbak, A.

A. Katigbak, J. Strother, and J. Lin, Opt. Eng. 48, 080503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kiyat, I.

I. Kiyat, A. Aydinli, and N. Dagli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 100 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lapointe, J.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lech, W.

X. Ao, L. Liu, W. Lech, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 393 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

A. Katigbak, J. Strother, and J. Lin, Opt. Eng. 48, 080503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

S. Lin, J. Hu, and K. Crozier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liu, L.

X. Ao, L. Liu, W. Lech, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, B. M. A.

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, J. H.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, Appl. Opt. 45, 4941 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S. Y.

B. K. Yang, S. Y. Shin, and D. M. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shinojima, H.

Smit, M. K.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Somasiri, N.

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Strother, J.

A. Katigbak, J. Strother, and J. Lin, Opt. Eng. 48, 080503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tarr, N.

Themistos, C.

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 393 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Vachon, M.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Waldron, P.

Wang, S.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, T.

Willner, A. E.

Xu, D.

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Ye, D. Xu, S. Janz, P. Waldron, P. Cheben, and N. Tarr, Opt. Lett. 32, 1492 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Yamada, K.

Yang, B. K.

B. K. Yang, S. Y. Shin, and D. M. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

Ye, W.

Yue, Y.

Zhang, D. M.

B. K. Yang, S. Y. Shin, and D. M. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhou, Z.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

B. M. A. Rahman, N. Somasiri, C. Themistos, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Phys. B 73, 613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

X. Ao, L. Liu, W. Lech, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Lin, J. Hu, and K. Crozier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 151101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. K. Yang, S. Y. Shin, and D. M. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, W. J. M. de Laat, and M. K. Smit, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 393 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, D. Dai, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Kiyat, A. Aydinli, and N. Dagli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 100 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Light: Science & Applications

D. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. Bowers, Light: Science & Applications 1, e1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

A. Katigbak, J. Strother, and J. Lin, Opt. Eng. 48, 080503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

D. Xu, A. Delâge, J. H. Schmid, R. Ma, S. Wang, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, P. Cheben, and S. Janz, Proc. SPIE 8266, 82660G (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Image of the fabricated PBS (including Y branches as well as grating couplers at both ends). (b) SEM picture for the bent DC.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured transmission for (a) a straight waveguide and (b) a straight waveguide with two Y-branch splitters.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured and stimulated transmission responses of the through port and the cross port for (a) TE polarization, (b) TM polarization, and (c) the ERs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured and stimulated results for the ERs of the PBS with (a) Δw=+20nm and (b) Δw=20nm.

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