Abstract

This paper presents the design of a rugged and compact Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) utilizing a birefringent prism, a pair of polarizers and a linear CCD array. This design improves on existing FTS by eliminating moving parts and spreading the optical path difference (OPD) spatially (rather than temporal scanning), making the system smaller, more reliable, and dramatically reducing measurement times. Both the theoretical models for the design and experimental results of the prototype are presented. The optical performance is tested using LEDs of known wavelengths, with the fringe counting technique employed during interferogram acquisition to ensure accurate sampling of the interferogram at constant OPD intervals. Reconstructing the spectra showed that the detected wavelengths deviated from the actual wavelengths by less than 1 nm.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. C. Smith, Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (CRC Press, 1996).
  2. U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Manzardo, R. Michaely, F. Schadelin, W. Noell, T. Overstolz, N. De Rooij, and H. P. Herzig, Opt. Lett. 29, 1437 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Solf, J. Mohr, and U. Wallrabe, Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2003, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 773–776.
  8. Ç. Ataman and H. Urey, Sens. Actuators A 151, 9 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. R. Griffiths and J. A. De Haseth, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (Wiley, 1986).
  10. Refractive index database, http://refractiveindex.info/ .
  11. C. E. Shannon, Proc. IEEE 86, 447 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2009

Ç. Ataman and H. Urey, Sens. Actuators A 151, 9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. E. Shannon, Proc. IEEE 86, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ataman, Ç.

Ç. Ataman and H. Urey, Sens. Actuators A 151, 9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cornel, J.

J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
[CrossRef]

da Silva,

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Haseth, J. A.

P. R. Griffiths and J. A. De Haseth, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (Wiley, 1986).

De Rooij, N.

Drabe, C.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frank, A.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Griffiths, P. R.

P. R. Griffiths and J. A. De Haseth, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (Wiley, 1986).

Herzig, H. P.

Kaptan, N.

F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kenda, A.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lenzhofer, M.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lindenberg, C.

J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manzardo, O.

Martin-Neto, L.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mazzotti, M.

J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Michaely, R.

Milori, D. M. B. P.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, J.

C. Solf, J. Mohr, and U. Wallrabe, Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2003, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 773–776.

Noell, W.

Oliveira, L. C.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Overstolz, T.

Rocha, J. C.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Zuniga, U. F.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schadelin, F.

Schenk, H.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scherf, W.

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Severcan, F.

F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, Proc. IEEE 86, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. C.

B. C. Smith, Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (CRC Press, 1996).

Solf, C.

C. Solf, J. Mohr, and U. Wallrabe, Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2003, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 773–776.

Tadeu Lopes, W.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Turan, B.

F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Urey, H.

Ç. Ataman and H. Urey, Sens. Actuators A 151, 9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wallrabe, U.

C. Solf, J. Mohr, and U. Wallrabe, Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2003, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 773–776.

Environ. Sci. Technol.

U. F. Rodriguez-Zuniga, D. M. B. P. Milori, da Silva, W. Tadeu Lopes, L. Martin-Neto, L. C. Oliveira, and J. C. Rocha, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 1948 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.

J. Cornel, C. Lindenberg, and M. Mazzotti, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 47, 4870 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

C. E. Shannon, Proc. IEEE 86, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. Kenda, C. Drabe, H. Schenk, A. Frank, M. Lenzhofer, and W. Scherf, Proc. SPIE 6186, 618609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A

Ç. Ataman and H. Urey, Sens. Actuators A 151, 9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spectroscopy

F. Severcan, N. Kaptan, and B. Turan, Spectroscopy 17, 569 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Solf, J. Mohr, and U. Wallrabe, Proceedings of IEEE Sensors 2003, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 773–776.

P. R. Griffiths and J. A. De Haseth, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (Wiley, 1986).

Refractive index database, http://refractiveindex.info/ .

B. C. Smith, Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (CRC Press, 1996).

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