Abstract

We report a low-threshold, narrow linewidth Raman distributed-feedback (R-DFB) fiber laser at 1109.54 nm based on a 30 cm long center π phase-shifted Bragg grating written directly in a commercially available germano-silica (Ge/Si) fiber. The R-DFB was pumped by a continuous-wave (CW) linearly polarized fiber source at 1064 nm, and the threshold power, full width at half-maximum (FWHM) linewidth and slope efficiency with respect to the incident pump power are measured to be 440 mW, <2.5kHz (measured with a 29.75 km fiber delay line) and 13.5%, respectively. An rf spectrum analyzer confirms that the R-DFB fiber laser exhibits single-frequency performance.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Quantum. Elec. 37, 38 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Shi and M. Ibsen, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThA30.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Shi, S.-u. Alam, and M. Ibsen, in Proceedings to IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, postdeadline paper 1174 (2011).
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2001 (1)

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Quantum. Elec. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 26, 203 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).

Alam, S. U.

Alam, S.-u.

J. Shi, S.-u. Alam, and M. Ibsen, in Proceedings to IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, postdeadline paper 1174 (2011).

Asseh, A.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cole, M. J.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

Durkin, M. K.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwall, G.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L. B.

L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukai, C.

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Geils, R. H.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Hu, Y.

Ibsen, M.

J. Shi, S. U. Alam, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Express 20, 5082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi and M. Ibsen, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThA30.

J. Shi, S.-u. Alam, and M. Ibsen, in Proceedings to IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, postdeadline paper 1174 (2011).

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 26, 203 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Kaneda, Y.

Kremp, T.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, K.

Laming, R. I.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, J. C.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Mosby, W. J.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

Nicholson, J. W.

Okamura, H.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 26, 203 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perlin, V. E.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Quantum. Elec. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Porque, J.

Richardson, D. J.

L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sahlgren, B.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sandgren, S.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sankawa, I.

Saruwatari, M.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 26, 203 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

J. Shi, S. U. Alam, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Express 20, 5082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi, S.-u. Alam, and M. Ibsen, in Proceedings to IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, postdeadline paper 1174 (2011).

J. Shi and M. Ibsen, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThA30.

Spiegelberg, C.

Storoy, H.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

Voo, N. Y.

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Winful, H. G.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Quantum. Elec. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, and W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 26, 203 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Quantum. Elec. (1)

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Quantum. Elec. 37, 38 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Hu and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Commun. 282, 3356 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. Shi and M. Ibsen, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThA30.

J. Shi, S.-u. Alam, and M. Ibsen, in Proceedings to IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, postdeadline paper 1174 (2011).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

R-DFB output power (•) and residual pump power (▪) against incident pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Forward and backward R-DFB output spectra just above threshold and at maximum incident pump powers, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Delayed self-heterodyne rf-spectra in the span of 100 kHz and 10 GHz (inset).

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