Abstract

A novel 2N bit bipolar photonic digital-to-analog converter (PDAC) scenario based on the optical differential quadrature phase shift keying (ODQPSK) modulation coupled with differential detection is proposed. Compared with other proposed schemes, this bipolar PDAC has a greater dynamic range and a larger noise margin with good scalabilities both in speed and resolution. We demonstrate a 4 bit PDAC in a proof-of-principle experiment at a sampling rate of 2.5GS/s.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Nishitani, T. Konishi, H. Furukawa, and K. Itoh, Opt. Express 13, 10310 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Oda and A. Maruta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 703 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Oda and A. Maruta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishitani, T. Konishi, H. Furukawa, and K. Itoh, Opt. Express 13, 10310 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Yacoubian and P. K. Das, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 117 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Corzine, S. W.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Das, P. K.

A. Yacoubian and P. K. Das, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 117 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Evans, P.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, H.

Gheorma, J.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hu, T.

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Itoh, K.

Joyner, C. H.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kish, F.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koc, U. V.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kondratko, P. K.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, T.

Kopf, R.

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Lambert, D.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leven, A.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Lin, J.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lyubomirsky, I.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

S. Oda and A. Maruta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Missey, M.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murthy, S.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muthiah, R.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagarajan, R.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, A.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nishitani, T.

Oda, S.

S. Oda and A. Maruta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Y.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pleumeekers, J. L.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, J.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salvatore, R.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Samra, P.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spannagel, A.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strzelecka, E.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Studenkov, P.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tate, A.

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Tu, K. Y.

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weimann, N.

Y. K. Chen, A. Leven, T. Hu, N. Weimann, R. Kopf, and A. Tate, in International Conference on Photonics in Switching, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), p 1.

Welch, D. F.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Yacoubian, A.

A. Yacoubian and P. K. Das, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 117 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yao, M.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ziari, M.

S. W. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, R. Muthiah, R. Salvatore, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. L. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. H. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. F. Welch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1015 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. Yu, K. Wang, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 43, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and M. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Kondratko, A. Leven, Y. K. Chen, J. Lin, U. V. Koc, K. Y. Tu, and J. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2727 (2005).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of implementing 2N bit PDAC.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Operation principle of 2 bit bipolar PDAC unit based on differential demodulation and balanced detection.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experiment setup of the 4 bit PDAC at a sampling rate of 2.5GS/s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Eye diagram of the output signal of (a) 2 bit PDAC unit using only one wavelength light wave, (b) 4 bit PDAC using two wavelength light waves.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The bipolar linear transfer function of the 4 bit PDAC.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Generated quantization shape of a 160.97 MHz single-tone signal. (b) Comparison between the filtered waveforms (red and solid line) and the corresponding ideal single-tone signal (blue and dashed line).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

ENOB measured results of the 4 bit PDAC.

Equations (2)

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Vout|E1(t+T)eiθ1+E2(t)eiθ2eiΔφ|2|E1(t+T)eiθ1E2(t)eiθ2eiΔφ|2=|E1(t+T)E2*(t)|cos(Δθ+Δφ),
{In=D2n1D2n¯·(D2n1In1)+(D2n1D2n)·(D2nQn1)Qn=D2n1D2n¯·(D2nQn1)+(D2n1D2n)·(D2n1In1)

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