Abstract

A method of all-optical microwave mixing and bandpass filtering is proposed to achieve idler-free RF frequency conversion based on cascaded phase modulation of a broadband optical source. The variable optical carrier time-shift method is employed to selectively generate the desired RF mixing components and highly suppress the other idler frequencies. An experimental system that can perform idler-free fundamental and harmonic RF upconversions is demonstrated, and the conversion efficiency is investigated both theoretically and experimentally.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 329 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1711 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Bohémond, T. Rampone, and A. Sharaiha, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2402 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.
  8. J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Zeng and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.
  13. X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, Opt. Express 19, 18423 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2008

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 329 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

F. Zeng and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1993

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

Beatriz, O.

G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.

Bohémond, C.

Bulmer, C. H.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cabon, B.

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, C. S.

Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. Y.

Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fulvio, G.

G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.

Fuster, J. M.

V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.

Gopalakrishnan, G. K.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guennec, Y. L.

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

Huang, H.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

José, C.

G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.

José, M.

G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.

Lee, C. G.

Li, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.

Maury, G.

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Millán, P. P.

Park, C. S.

Polo, V.

V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.

Ramos, F.

V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.

Rampone, T.

Seo, Y. K.

Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharaiha, A.

Shen, G.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A.

Wu, J.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xue, X.

Yao, J.

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Zeng and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

F. Zeng and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, X.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, B.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, K. Xu, H. Huang, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, and B. Cabon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Zeng and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Seo, C. S. Choi, and W. Y. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, G. Shen, and K. Chen, Opt. Commun. 249, 109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

G. Fulvio, M. José, O. Beatriz, and C. José, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CThF2.

V. Polo, J. Marti, F. Ramos, and J. M. Fuster, in 28th European Microwave Conference (1998), pp. 81–86.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the idler-free photonic microwave mixer. Broadband optical source (BOS); coupler (C); polarization controller (PC); optical phase modulator (PM); variable time delay line (VDL); dispersion-compensating fiber (DCF).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration of the sidebands generated from one frequency component of the BOS. (a) After PM1. (b) After C2. (Blue, from the modulation branch; red, from the delay branch; circle marked, components contributing to RF fundamental upconversion).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

RF output spectra. (a) Fundamental upconversion; (b) second-harmonic upconversion; (c) third-harmonic upconversion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF upconversion output power versus IF input power. (PLO=20dBm. Symbol, measured; line, calculated).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF upconversion output power versus LO input power. (PIF=20dBm. Symbol, measured; line, calculated).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

iRF(nωLO+ωIF)=RPoJn(mLO)J1(mIF)×H˜RF(nωLO+ωIF),
H˜RF(ω)=exp[j(Ω0Δτβ2ω2/2)]×H˜b(ωΔτ/β2),
H˜b(ω)=0+N(Ω)exp[jωβ2(ΩΩ0)]dΩ0+N(Ω)dΩ.
L=VIF/VRF=VIF/[RLRPoJn(mLO)J1(mIF)],

Metrics