Abstract

A kind of photoluminescence quenching, in which the time-resolved photoluminescence is modulated by a THz pulse, has been theoretically investigated by performing the ensemble Monte Carlo method in bulk gallium arsenide (GaAs) at room temperature. The quenching ratio could reach up to 50% under a strong THz field (100kV/cm). The range in which luminescence quenching is linearly proportional to the THz field could be over 60kV/cm. On the basis of these results, a principle for THz modulation and coherent detection is proposed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Liu, G. Kaur, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2004

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Hughes and D. S. Citrin, Phys. Rev. B 58, R15969 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

R. MickeviEius and A. Reklaitis, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 9401 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Osman and D. K. Ferry, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6018 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983

C. Jacoboni and L. Reggiani, Rev. Mod. Phys. 55, 645 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Collins and P. Y. Yu, Phys. Rev. B 27, 2602 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Aboud, S.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ayesheshim, A.

Bhattacharyya, J.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Bordone, P.

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brodschelm, A.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brorson, S. D.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Citrin, D. S.

S. Hughes and D. S. Citrin, Phys. Rev. B 58, R15969 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cocker, T. L.

Collins, C. L.

C. L. Collins and P. Y. Yu, Phys. Rev. B 27, 2602 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cossard, A. C.

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Damen, T. C.

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deveaud, B.

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, D. K.

M. A. Osman and D. K. Ferry, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6018 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goodnick, S.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goodnick, S. M.

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A. C.

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hegmann, F. A.

Helm, M.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ho, C.

Hoffmann, M. C.

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, S.

S. Hughes and D. S. Citrin, Phys. Rev. B 58, R15969 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jacoboni, C.

C. Jacoboni and L. Reggiani, Rev. Mod. Phys. 55, 645 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kaur, G.

J. Liu, G. Kaur, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.-C.

Kocevar, P.

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, K. K.

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Leitenstorfer, A.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. Z.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, G. Kaur, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Livshits, D.

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lugli, P.

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

MickeviEius, R.

R. MickeviEius and A. Reklaitis, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 9401 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Minami, N.

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monozon, B. S.

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Nikroo, A.

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Osman, M. A.

M. A. Osman and D. K. Ferry, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6018 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Quinlan, S. M.

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Razzari, L.

Reggiani, L.

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Jacoboni and L. Reggiani, Rev. Mod. Phys. 55, 645 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Reid, M.

Reklaitis, A.

R. MickeviEius and A. Reklaitis, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 9401 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rieger, M.

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rota, L.

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Saraniti, M.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, H.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schoenlein, R. W.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, G.

Sherwin, M. S.

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shimano, R.

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stehr, D.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Su, F. H.

Sundaram, M.

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Titova, L. V.

Tsang, W. T.

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Turchinovich, D.

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, M.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winnerl, S.

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, P. Y.

C. L. Collins and P. Y. Yu, Phys. Rev. B 27, 2602 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

J. Liu, G. Kaur, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zybell, S.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Liu, G. Kaur, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zybell, H. Schneider, S. Winnerl, M. Wagner, K. K. Köhler, and M. Helm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 041103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, B. S. Monozon, D. Livshits, E. U. Rafailov, and D. Turchinovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 231108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, S. Watanabe, N. Minami, and R. Shimano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 041111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

R. MickeviEius and A. Reklaitis, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 9401 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

S. Hughes and D. S. Citrin, Phys. Rev. B 58, R15969 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Collins and P. Y. Yu, Phys. Rev. B 27, 2602 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. Lugli, P. Bordone, L. Reggiani, M. Rieger, P. Kocevar, and S. M. Goodnick, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7852 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Osman and D. K. Ferry, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6018 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Quinlan, A. Nikroo, M. S. Sherwin, M. Sundaram, and A. C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 45, 9428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Shah, B. Deveaud, T. C. Damen, W. T. Tsang, A. C. Cossard, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2222 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Elsaesser, J. Shah, L. Rota, and P. Lugli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1757 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

C. Jacoboni and L. Reggiani, Rev. Mod. Phys. 55, 645 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

J. Bhattacharyya, M. Wagner, S. Zybell, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, M. Helm, and H. Schneider, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol.

S. Aboud, M. Saraniti, S. Goodnick, A. Brodschelm, and A. Leitenstorfer, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, S301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solid-State Electron.

R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Solid-State Electron. 31, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) The diagram proposed to observe the THz-induced time-resolved PLQ in GaAs at room temperature. (b) The illustration for the physical origin. Electrons are pumped from the top of valence band to the button of the Γ valley by the 800 nm laser pulse. The THz wave drives electrons from the Γ valley to satellite valleys.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) and (b) are transient density of electrons and holes, respectively, as a function of Δt1 and Δt2. The dashed black line in (c) is the THz field and the red line is PL intensity as a function of Δt1 for Δt2=0.14ps. (d) is the PL intensity as a function of Δt2 for Δt1=2ps.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Carrier distributions in different THz field strength when (a) Δt2=0.14ps and (b) Δt2=0.1ps respectively. The blue, green, and red curves are the percentages of electrons in the Γ, X, and L valleys respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) and (b) are the transient densities of electrons and holes, respectively, as a function of Δt1 and Δt2. The dashed black line in (c) is the THz field and the red line is the PL intensity as a function of Δt1 for Δt2=0.1ps. (d) shows the spectrums of the PL and the THz pulse.

Equations (2)

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fkt=fkt|g+fkt|c-ph+fkt|c-im+eEt(t)kfk,
Nqt=Nqt|c-ph+Nqt|ph-ph,

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