Abstract

We report on power handling oriented design of kagome lattice hollow-core fiber and demonstrate through it for the first time nanosecond laser pulses induced spark ignition in a friendly manner. Two different core designs and transmission bands are investigated and evaluated. The energy threshold damage was measured to be in excess of the 10 mJ level and the output power density is approaching the TW/cm2 after focusing; demonstrating the outstanding ability of such fiber for high power delivery.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

2010

2009

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

2003

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, and D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, D. R.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, and D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, J. L.

Baer, C. R. E.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid and J. P. Roberts, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 87 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 36, 669 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bird, D.

Birks, T.

Blondy, J. M.

Bouwmans, G.

Burger, S.

Chen, L.

Couny, F.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 36, 669 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. Birks, J. Knight, and P. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 8277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Gérôme, F.

Hand, D.

Heckl, O. H.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holler, M.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Humbert, G.

Jamier, R.

Jones, J.

Joshi, S.

Keller, U.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Light, P.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J. X.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, and D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B.

Marchese, S. V.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pearce, G. J.

Poulain, D. E.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, and D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Poulton, C. G.

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. P.

F. Benabid and J. P. Roberts, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 87 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Robinson, J. S.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Sabert, H.

Schapper, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, J.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J. W. G.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, Y. Y.

Wheeler, N. V.

Wiederhecker, G. S.

Williams, D. P.

Yalin, A. P.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, and D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

F. Benabid and J. P. Roberts, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 87 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (7)

» Media 1: JPG (53 KB)     
» Media 2: JPG (39 KB)     
» Media 3: JPG (45 KB)     
» Media 4: JPG (17 KB)     
» Media 5: JPG (41 KB)     
» Media 6: JPG (13 KB)     
» Media 7: JPG (12 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Loss and transmission spectra measured for a kagome-like fiber designing to operate on the first high-order band (thickness of the core surround of 640 nm) (Media 1) and (b) on the fundamental band (thickness of the core surround of 320 nm) at 1064 nm (Media 2). In inset the SEM micrograph of the fabricated fibers and the transverse resonance order are added. (c) Theoretical intensity of the field distribution at 1064 nm for a typical fundamental mode of a kagome-like fiber (black, X axis; gray, Y axis) plotted in dB scale (Media 3).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup (Media 4). λ / 2 , half-wave plate at 1064 nm; G.P., Glan polarizer; M, mirrors; L, lenses. (b) Air breakdown demonstration (power density at the focal point approaching TW / cm 2 ) at the fiber output after focusing (Media 5). At the bottom, pictures show the spark ignition induced.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Output energy versus input energy for a kagome-like fiber with a silica core surround thickness of 640 nm (Media 6) and (b) 320 nm (Media 7). The coupling efficiency and the damage threshold are indicated on the graphs. Insets: Near-field intensity patterns recorded at the fiber output.

Equations (1)

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λ m 2 m t n glass 2 1 .

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