Abstract

This Letter reports on the fabrication of low-loss waveguides in gallium-lanthanum-sulfide chalcogenide glasses using an ultrafast laser. Spatial beam shaping and temporal pulse width tuning were used to optimize the guided mode profiles and optical loss of laser-written waveguides. Highly symmetric single-mode waveguides guiding at 1560 nm with a loss of 0.65  dB/cm were fabricated using 1.5 ps laser pulses. This Letter suggests a pathway to produce high quality optical waveguides in substrates with strong nonlinearity using the ultrafast laser direct writing technique.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

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[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

Kern, P.

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E. Romanova, A. Konyukhov, S. Muraviov, and A. Andrianov, in Proceedings of 2010 12th International Conference on Transport Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2010), paper We.B.42.

Labadie, L.

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Miura, K.

Morichetti, F.

Mulvad, H.

Muraviov, S.

E. Romanova, A. Konyukhov, S. Muraviov, and A. Andrianov, in Proceedings of 2010 12th International Conference on Transport Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2010), paper We.B.42.

Musgraves, J.

Osellame, R.

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M. Pelusi, V. Ta’Eed, L. Fu, and E. Magi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Psaila, N. D.

A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

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[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

Ródenas, A.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. B 95, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Romanova, E.

E. Romanova, A. Konyukhov, S. Muraviov, and A. Andrianov, in Proceedings of 2010 12th International Conference on Transport Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2010), paper We.B.42.

Roso, L.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. B 95, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singh, V.

Sugimoto, N.

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M. Pelusi, V. Ta’Eed, L. Fu, and E. Magi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

Tang, D. Y.

Thomson, R. R.

A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

Torchia, G. A.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. B 95, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yang, W.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zdyrko, B.

Zhang, J.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. B 95, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Pelusi, V. Ta’Eed, L. Fu, and E. Magi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

R. Curry, S. Birtwell, A. Mairaj, and X. Feng, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 477 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B.

G. Lucovsky, J. P. de Neufville, and F. L. Galeener, Phys. Rev. B. 9, 1591 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction (Wiley, 2004), p. 94.

A. Rodenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. D. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. K. Kar, and R. R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” ArXiv: 1112.2546 (2011).

E. Romanova, A. Konyukhov, S. Muraviov, and A. Andrianov, in Proceedings of 2010 12th International Conference on Transport Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2010), paper We.B.42.

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