Abstract

We report the generation of ultrawide tunable square-wave pulse in an erbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser. The pulse width can be tuned in an ultrawide range of more than 1700 ns by simply increasing the pump power. The pulse-width tuning is 5.1ns/mW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the widest pulse-width tuning range of any square-wave pulse in an all-fiber passively mode-locked fiber laser. Experimental results show that the fiber nonlinearity plays an important role in the tuning range of the output pulse width. The high nonlinearity helps to increase the tuning range of the pulse width.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Express 17, 5580 (2009).
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  11. X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 3249 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Express 17, 5580 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Commun. 92, 61 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 489 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baird, B. W.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Booysen, A.

D. Schmieder, P. L. Swart, and A. Booysen, in Proceedeings of Africon 2007 (IEEE, 2007), p. 1206.

Chen, W.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, H.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hooper, A.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jordens, B.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. M.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 489 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, X.

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Luo, A.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mao, D.

Matsas, V.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Commun. 92, 61 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D. N.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 489 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Commun. 92, 61 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phollips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ren, W.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schmieder, D.

D. Schmieder, P. L. Swart, and A. Booysen, in Proceedeings of Africon 2007 (IEEE, 2007), p. 1206.

Song, C.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Swart, P. L.

D. Schmieder, P. L. Swart, and A. Booysen, in Proceedeings of Africon 2007 (IEEE, 2007), p. 1206.

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Express 17, 5580 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Wu, X.

Xu, L.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Commun. 92, 61 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, L. M.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Express 17, 5580 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Appl. Phys. B

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, and M. W. Phollips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 489 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. Song, W. Xu, Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Chen, Opt. Commun. 282, 4408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 272, 431 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Commun. 92, 61 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Schmieder, P. L. Swart, and A. Booysen, in Proceedeings of Africon 2007 (IEEE, 2007), p. 1206.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the experimental setup. WDM, wavelength division multiplexed coupler; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; SMF28, single-mode fiber; PCs, polarization controllers; PD-ISO, polarization-dependent isolator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Oscilloscope trace of the square-wave pulse and a single square-wave pulse.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pulse width of our square-wave pulses: 10, 200, 1010, and 1716 ns corresponding to the different pump powers: 30, 75, 236, and 365 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse width and pulse energy variy with the pump power: (a) 1160 m HNLF; (b) 1160 m SMF28.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Oscilloscope trace of the square-wave pulse and a single square-wave pulse for the 1160 m SMF28.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of the mode-locked laser with HNLF.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

RF spectrum of the laser.

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