Abstract

Permanent binary phase masks with planar surfaces and high tolerance to laser radiation are recorded in the volume of photo-thermo-refractive glass using the contact copying technique and binary amplitude master masks. Conversion of a Gaussian beam to higher order modes is shown.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Stelmakh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1392 (2007).
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  2. M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
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  3. W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
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  4. F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
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  5. D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. B. Glebov, Glass Sci. Technol. 75 C1, 73 (2002).
  8. L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. Glebov, Opt. Lett. 34, 40 (2009).
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  9. L. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).
  10. J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, and L. Glebov, Appl. Opt. 50, 5905 (2011).
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  11. G. Machavariani, A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, A. Friesem, and E. Hasman, Appl. Opt. 43, 2561 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University, 2007).
  13. O. Efimov, L. Glebov, and H. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
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  14. L. B. Glebov and V. I. Smirnov, Proc. SPIE 5273, 396 (2004).
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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

L. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).

2007 (1)

N. Stelmakh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1392 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Machavariani, A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, A. Friesem, and E. Hasman, Appl. Opt. 43, 2561 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. B. Glebov and V. I. Smirnov, Proc. SPIE 5273, 396 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

O. Efimov, L. Glebov, and H. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. B. Glebov, Glass Sci. Technol. 75 C1, 73 (2002).

2001 (1)

M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abe, L.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Albrand, G.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Andre, H.

Baba, N.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baudoz, P.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baudrand, J.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boccaletti, A.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Clénet, Y.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Davidson, N.

Efimov, O.

Escoubas, L.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A.

Glebov, L.

Glebov, L. B.

L. B. Glebov and V. I. Smirnov, Proc. SPIE 5273, 396 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. B. Glebov, Glass Sci. Technol. 75 C1, 73 (2002).

Glebova, L.

Hasman, E.

Ishaaya, A.

Johnson, E.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

Labeyrie, A.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lemarquis, F.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lequime, M.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lumeau, J.

Machavariani, G.

Mawet, D.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mehta, A.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mohammed, W.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

Murakami, N.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nishikawa, J.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pitchumani, M.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

Riaud, P.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rouan, D.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shimshi, L.

Siiman, L.

Simon, J.

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, V. I.

L. B. Glebov and V. I. Smirnov, Proc. SPIE 5273, 396 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stelmakh, N.

N. Stelmakh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1392 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tamura, M.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Varela, A.

M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University, 2007).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University, 2007).

Yokochi, K.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astrophys. J. (1)

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, Astrophys. J. 714, 772 (2010).
[Crossref]

Glass Sci. Technol. (1)

L. B. Glebov, Glass Sci. Technol. 75 C1, 73 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Stelmakh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1392 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Holography Speckle (1)

L. Glebov, J. Holography Speckle 5, 1 (2008).

Opt. Eng. (2)

M. Wang, C. Yu, and A. Varela, Opt. Eng. 40, 517 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. Johnson, Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

F. Lemarquis, M. Lequime, G. Albrand, L. Escoubas, J. Simon, J. Baudrand, P. Riaud, D. Rouan, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, and D. Mawet, Proc. SPIE 5250, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. B. Glebov and V. I. Smirnov, Proc. SPIE 5273, 396 (2004).
[Crossref]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Phase profile for a four-sector (a) and eight-sector (b) phase mask.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretical far field intensity profile produced by the (a) four-sector and (b) eight-sector VPM.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental far field intensity profile produced by the (a) four-sector and (b) eight-sector VPM.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Theoretical (curves) and experimental (dots) conversion efficiency of a beam of width u0 into the TEM11 and LG04 modes of width w.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|En1m1*En2m2dA|2=δn1n2δm1m2.
EnmHG(x,y)=E0Hn(2xw0)Hm(2yw0)e(x2+y2)w02,
EnmLG(r,ϕ)=E0(2rw0)|m|Ln|m|(2r2w02)er2w02eimϕ.
η=|Enm*E00TdA|2|Enm|2dA·|E00T|2dA,
T4(x,y)=exp(iφavg)sign(x)sign(y),
T8(x,y)=exp(iφavg)sign(x)sign(y)·sign(x+y)sign(xy),
η(w,u0)=|Enm*(w)E00(u0)TdA|2|Enm(w)|2dA·|E00(u0)T|2dA.
φ=2πΔnLλ,
η(w,u0)=||Enm*(w)|I(u0)dA|2I(u0)dA·|Enm(w)|2dA.

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