Abstract

We show that adding a thin dielectric layer with high refractive index on top of the metallic layer in surface plasmon resonance sensors in the Kretschmann–Raether configuration in the spectral mode causes a redshift of the resonance wavelength, narrowing of the resonance dip, and an enhancement to the spectral sensitivity. Surprisingly, together with the sensitivity enhancement, the dip becomes much narrower and the figure of merit is considerably improved, particularly in the IR range.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 571 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Gupta and J. Kondoh, Sensors Actuators B 122, 381 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, Opt. Lett. 29, 2378 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Lahav, M. Auslender, and I. Abdulhalim, Opt. Lett. 33, 2539 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Bhatia and B. D. Gupta, Appl. Opt. 50, 2032 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators A 159, 24 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Homola, Sensors Actuators B 41, 207 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2011

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 571 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Bhatia and B. D. Gupta, Appl. Opt. 50, 2032 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators A 159, 24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

G. Gupta and J. Kondoh, Sensors Actuators B 122, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

1998

V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, Sensors Actuators B 41, 207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Abdulhalim, I.

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 571 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators A 159, 24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lahav, M. Auslender, and I. Abdulhalim, Opt. Lett. 33, 2539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aroeti, B.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Auslender, M.

Bhatia, P.

Davidov, D.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dushkina, N.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, W. L.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilani, T. H.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Golosovsky, M.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, B. D.

Gupta, G.

G. Gupta and J. Kondoh, Sensors Actuators B 122, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ha, K.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hazek, I.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

Homola, J.

J. Homola, Sensors Actuators B 41, 207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hong, D.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Irawan, R.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, V.

V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karabchevsky, A.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khare, C.

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kondoh, J.

G. Gupta and J. Kondoh, Sensors Actuators B 122, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S. K.

Lahav, A.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lahav, M. Auslender, and I. Abdulhalim, Opt. Lett. 33, 2539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lakhtakia, A.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Lin, C.

Lirtsman, V.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Macleod, H. A.

Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, Y.

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, P. I.

V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Numan, M. Z.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ong, B. H.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patzig, C.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pulsifer, D. P.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbach, B.

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salamon, Z.

Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shalabaney, A.

A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shalabney, A.

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 571 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators A 159, 24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, M.

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Talwar, D. N.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y. G.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tollin, G.

Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

Xu, J.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yashunsky, V.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuk, J. S.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. W.

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Biophys. J.

V. Yashunsky, V. Lirtsman, M. Golosovsky, D. Davidov, and B. Aroeti, Biophys. J. 99, 4028 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Salamon, H. A. Macleod, and G. Tollin, Biophys. J. 73, 2791 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Biophys. J.

J. S. Yuk, D. Hong, J. Jung, S. Jung, H. Kim, J. Han, Y. Kim, and K. Ha, Eur. Biophys. J. 35, 469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophoton.

A. Lahav, A. Shalabaney, and I. Abdulhalim, J. Nanophoton. 3, 031501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A

X. Yuan, B. H. Ong, Y. G. Tan, D. W. Zhang, R. Irawan, and S. C. Tjin, J. Opt. A 8, 959 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 571 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and J. Kondoh, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

T. H. Gilani, N. Dushkina, W. L. Freeman, M. Z. Numan, D. N. Talwar, and D. P. Pulsifer, Opt. Eng. 49, 120503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.

A. Shalabney, A. Lakhtakia, I. Abdulhalim, A. Lahav, C. Patzig, I. Hazek, A. Karabchevsky, B. Rauschenbach, F. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 7, 176 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sensors Actuators A

A. Shalabney and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators A 159, 24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sensors Actuators B

J. Homola, Sensors Actuators B 41, 207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Shalabney, C. Khare, B. Rauschenbach, and I. Abdulhalim, Sensors Actuators B 159, 201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gupta and J. Kondoh, Sensors Actuators B 122, 381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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