Abstract

Ultrabroad near-infrared (NIR) photoluminescence from Ni2+-centers in nanocrystalline Ba-Al titanate glass ceramics was studied by temperature-dependent static and dynamic photoluminescence spectroscopy in the regime of 10 to 300 K. Photoluminescence covers the spectral range of about 1100 nm to >1600nm with a typical bandwidth (FWHM) greater than 300 nm. For UV-LED excitation at 352 nm, an internal quantum efficiency of 65% is obtained. The excited state lifetime τ at room temperature is 39 μs. The stimulated emission cross section σem is 8.5×1020cm2, resulting in a practical figure of merit, σem*τ, of 3.3×1024cm2s at room temperature. These properties suggest suitability as a broadband gain medium for tunable lasers and optical amplifiers.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, R. Meszaros, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 19, A312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

G. Gao, N. Da, S. Reibstein, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 18, A575 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9441 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. C. Brunold, H. U. Gudel, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. Lett. 252, 112 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

M. V. Iverson, J. C. Windscheif, and W. A. Sibley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 183 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Albers, P.

Brunold, T. C.

T. C. Brunold, H. U. Gudel, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. Lett. 252, 112 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

T. C. Brunold, H. U. Gudel, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. Lett. 252, 112 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Da, N.

Dong, H.

Feng, G.

Gao, G.

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, R. Meszaros, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 19, A312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, N. Da, S. Reibstein, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 18, A575 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glynn, T. J.

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gudel, H. U.

T. C. Brunold, H. U. Gudel, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. Lett. 252, 112 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9441 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Albers, E. Stark, and G. Huber, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 134 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Iverson, M. V.

M. V. Iverson, J. C. Windscheif, and W. A. Sibley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 183 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamaluddin, B.

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koetke, J.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Machewirth, D. P.

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meszaros, R.

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nishi, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. H.

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9441 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pekerten, B.

Peng, M.

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, R. Meszaros, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 19, A312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qian, Q.

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, G. Feng, B. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 15, 5477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reibstein, S.

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, N. Da, S. Reibstein, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 18, A575 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sakakura, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sherlock, R.

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shi, D.

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

M. V. Iverson, J. C. Windscheif, and W. A. Sibley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 183 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. H.

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9441 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spiecker, E.

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stark, E.

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walker, G.

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wei, K.

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, J.

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Windscheif, J. C.

M. V. Iverson, J. C. Windscheif, and W. A. Sibley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 183 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, R. Meszaros, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 19, A312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, N. Da, S. Reibstein, and L. Wondraczek, Opt. Express 18, A575 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Zeng, H.

Zhang, Q.

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, G. Feng, B. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 15, 5477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Iverson, J. C. Windscheif, and W. A. Sibley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 183 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. C. Brunold, H. U. Gudel, and E. Cavalli, Chem. Phys. Lett. 252, 112 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

D. Shi, Y. Zhao, Q. Qian, D. Chen, and Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 499, 126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17945 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9441 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, S. Kück, J. Koetke, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Lumin. 71, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Walker, B. Kamaluddin, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, J. Lumin. 60, 123 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3156 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gao, S. Reibstein, E. Spiecker, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2582 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Wei, D. P. Machewirth, J. Wenzel, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 182, 257 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Temperature-dependent NIR PL and PLE spectra of Ni2+-doped TBSA glass ceramic. (b) Variation of band intensity, position, and shape as a function of temperature. Lines in (b) are guides for the eye.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Temperature-dependent NIR PL decay curves of Ni2+-doped TBSA glass ceramic. (b) Variation of effective lifetimes of the excited state (τ1/e) and calculated internal QE (η) as a function of temperature, showing experimental (dotted line) and fitted (solid line, parabolic fit of experimental data) data.

Equations (1)

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σem=λ02η4πcn2τΔv1/2×(ln2π)1/2,

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