Abstract

We demonstrate single-shot time-frequency imaging spectroscopy with an echelon mirror for measuring ultrashort laser pulses as well as ultrafast responses of materials using the same optical setup. The echelon mirror produces a spatially encoded time delay for the probe pulse whereby both the probe and pump pulses are focused on samples with small spot size. Using the optical Kerr gate apparatus, we successfully mapped the time-frequency images of ultrashort laser pulses and subsequently evaluated the chirp characteristics with the phase-retrieval procedure on a single-shot basis. By simply replacing the Kerr medium with samples, we could also visualize the phonon-polariton oscillations in ferroelectric LiNbO3.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

I. Katayama, H. Sakaibara, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

D. B. Turner and K. A. Nelson, Nature 466, 1089 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2006

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Poulin and K. A. Nelson, Science 313, 1756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

G. P. Wakeham and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 25, 505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Misawa and T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 7546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

Albert, O.

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Averbukh, I. Sh.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.-M.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chia, C.-T.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delong, K. W.

Dorrer, C.

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

French, D.

Furukawa, N.

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, C. A.

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

Hu, M.-L.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Ishida, A.

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

Kane, D. J.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Katayama, I.

I. Katayama, H. Sakaibara, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sakaibara, I. Katayama, and J. Takeda, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThE83.

Kim, K. Y.

Kleiman, V. D.

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

K. Misawa and T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 7546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-C.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loulergue, J. C.

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mair, C. E.

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Makishima, Y.

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, K.

K. Misawa and T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 7546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

D. B. Turner and K. A. Nelson, Nature 466, 1089 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Poulin and K. A. Nelson, Science 313, 1756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Wakeham and K. A. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 25, 505 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paskover, Y.

Poulin, P. R.

P. R. Poulin and K. A. Nelson, Science 313, 1756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prior, Y.

Rodriguez, G.

Saito, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sakaibara, H.

I. Katayama, H. Sakaibara, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sakaibara, I. Katayama, and J. Takeda, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThE83.

Suemoto, T.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, M. L.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, J.

I. Katayama, H. Sakaibara, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Sakaibara, I. Katayama, and J. Takeda, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThE83.

Taylor, A. J.

Tomimoto, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

K. W. Delong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 18, 823 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrafast Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

Turner, D. B.

D. B. Turner and K. A. Nelson, Nature 466, 1089 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wakeham, G. P.

Walmsley, I. A.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

Yellampalle, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Furukawa, C. E. Mair, V. D. Kleiman, and J. Takeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

K. Misawa and T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 113, 7546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

C.-C. Lee, C.-T. Chia, Y.-M. Chang, M. L. Sun, and M.-L. Hu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6829 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Makishima, N. Furukawa, A. Ishida, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5986 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Katayama, H. Sakaibara, and J. Takeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102701 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. B. Turner and K. A. Nelson, Nature 466, 1089 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science

P. R. Poulin and K. A. Nelson, Science 313, 1756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

O. Albert, C. A. Gautier, J. C. Loulergue, and J. Etchepare, Solid State Commun. 107, 567 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

P. Hannaford, ed., Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy (Springer, 2005).

R. J. Gordon and Y. Fujimura, eds., Quantum Control of Molecular Reaction Dynamics (World Scientific, 2001).

H. Sakaibara, I. Katayama, and J. Takeda, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThE83.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrafast Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Concept of single-shot time-frequency imaging spectroscopy with an echelon mirror and (b) schematic experimental arrangement. Regen, Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier; BS, beam splitter; λ/2, λ/4, half- and quarter-wave plates; CL, cylindrical lens; Pol, polarizer; KM, Kerr medium.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved PG-FROG traces for NC (top), nearly Fourier TL (middle), and PC (bottom) laser pulses. (c) Spectral profiles and phase shifts for the NC, nearly Fourier TL, and PC laser pulses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Time-frequency images of ultrafast responses of ferroelectric LiNbO3 induced by the ISRS process. (b) Temporal profile of the E-mode phonon-polariton oscillations observed at 802 nm in the heterodyne detection. The dotted line shows the best fit for the observed dumped oscillations with a period of 3.82 THz and a dephasing time of 1 ps.

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