Abstract

We present spatially resolved Rayleigh scattering measurements in different polarization-maintaining (PM) fibers for high-temperature pressure sensing. The pressure-induced birefringence in the fiber cores is interrogated using polarization-resolved frequency-swept interferometry. The pressure responses of a PM photonic crystal fiber and a twin-air-hole PM fiber are investigated for a pressure range of 0 to 13.8 MPa (0–2000 psi) at room temperature and at temperatures as high as 800 °C. The proposed sensing system provides, for the first time to our knowledge, a truly distributed pressure-sensing solution for high-temperature applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (3)

2010 (4)

2005 (1)

Barton, J. S.

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braga, A. M. B.

Canning, J.

Chen, K. P.

Chen, R.

Chen, T.

Cheng, K. D.

Cook, K.

Froggatt, M. E.

B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, Opt. Express 13, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

Fu, H. Y.

Gifford, D. K.

B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, Opt. Express 13, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

Grobnic, D.

Guan, B.

Jewart, C.

Jewart, C. M.

Jones, B. J. S.

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kreger, S. T.

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

Lally, E.

J. Yi, E. Lally, A. Wang, and Y. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 9 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

MacPherson, W. N.

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maier, R. R. J.

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McCulloch, S.

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mihailov, S. J.

Quintero, S. M.

Qureshi, K. K.

Soller, B. J.

B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, Opt. Express 13, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

Tam, H. Y.

Tse, M. L. V.

Wang, A.

J. Yi, E. Lally, A. Wang, and Y. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 9 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wolfe, M. S.

B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, Opt. Express 13, 666 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

Wu, C.

Xu, Y.

J. Yi, E. Lally, A. Wang, and Y. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 9 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yi, J.

J. Yi, E. Lally, A. Wang, and Y. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 9 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Yi, E. Lally, A. Wang, and Y. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 9 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. R. J. Maier, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, S. McCulloch, and B. J. S. Jones, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094019 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.

http://www.thorlabs.com/Thorcat/8700/8767-M01.pdf .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscope cross-section image of (a) the PM photonic crystal fiber (fiber A [9]) and (b) the twin-air-hole fiber (fiber B); finite-element analysis (FEA) simulations on 200 bar pressure-induced birefringence of (c) fiber A and (d) fiber B.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental setup and measured reflectivity symmetric to the FRM along the fiber: TLS, tunable laser source; PD, photodiode; FC, fiber circulator; HWP, half-wave plate; PL, polarizer; FRM, Faraday rotation mirror; PM fiber, polarization-maintaining fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

13.8 MPa (2000 psi) distributed pressure responses of (a) fiber A and (b) fiber B. (c) Induced birefringence of fiber A and fiber B versus different pressure at room temperature of 24 °C.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) 13.8 MPa (2000 psi) distributed response of twin-hole fiber (fiber B) at 800 °C and (b) the Rayleigh sensor responses versus different pressure at 800 °C.

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