Abstract

We demonstrate coherent random lasing from an aerosol of dye-doped microdroplets in air. The aerosol is in the form of a linear array of polydisperse, arbitrarily shaped, and randomly spaced microdroplets with average dimensions of about 30 μm. Upon optical excitation, ultranarrow lasing modes were observed in the emission along the axis of the linear array, while the transverse emission exhibited intrascatterer resonance peaks. Direct spatiospectral imaging and lasing threshold studies confirmed the origin of the lasing peaks to be from spatial modes that extended over the array of the polydisperse microdroplets.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Vishnubhatla, J. Clark, G. Lanzani, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and T. Virgili, Appl. Opt. 48, G114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Pierrat and R. Carminati, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Cao, Waves Random Complex Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barna, V.

Bartolino, R.

Blanco, A.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Waves Random Complex Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carminati, R.

R. Pierrat and R. Carminati, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Churkin, D. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J.

Dietz, R. J. B.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fallert, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferjani, S.

Garcia, P. D.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gottardo, S.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kalt, H.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klingshirn, C.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, N.

D. Sharma, H. Ramachandran, and N. Kumar, Fluctuat. Noise Lett. 6, L95 (2006).

Lanzani, G.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luca, A. D.

Mujumdar, S.

R. Uppu and S. Mujumdar, Appl. Opt. 50, E13 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M.

M. Noginov, Solid State Random Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2005), Vol. 76.

Osellame, R.

Pierrat, R.

R. Pierrat and R. Carminati, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, H.

D. Sharma, H. Ramachandran, and N. Kumar, Fluctuat. Noise Lett. 6, L95 (2006).

Ramponi, R.

Ricci, M.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sartor, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scaramuzza, N.

Schneider, D.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, D.

D. Sharma, H. Ramachandran, and N. Kumar, Fluctuat. Noise Lett. 6, L95 (2006).

Strangi, G.

Torre, R.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Uppu, R.

Versace, C.

Virgili, T.

Vishnubhatla, K. C.

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Fluctuat. Noise Lett. (1)

D. Sharma, H. Ramachandran, and N. Kumar, Fluctuat. Noise Lett. 6, L95 (2006).

Nat. Photon. (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photon. 2, 429 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, Nat. Photon. 3279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Pierrat and R. Carminati, Phys. Rev. A 76, 023821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Waves Random Complex Media (1)

H. Cao, Waves Random Complex Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Noginov, Solid State Random Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2005), Vol. 76.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral features of emission from neat Rh6G/methanol (square markers) and with ZnO nanoparticles (circle markers) in the microcolumn. Inset, diffusive random lasing (red spectrum) and neat dye emission (black spectrum) at Ep=0.53μJ.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup: MC, microcapillary; S, spectrometer; M1, M2, mirrors; L1, Lens. Side, image of the polydisperse aerosol. Inset, technique for simultaneous longitudinal and transverse measurement.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a), (b) Coherent modes in longitudinal emission. (c), (d) Corresponding spectra of transverse emission. Arrows, random lasing peaks.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spatiospectral details of the coherent emission. A, coherent spectra. B, C, corresponding spectroscopic images in the longitudinal and transverse directions, respectively. Side, magnified vertical streaks.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Observed lasing threshold. Solid circles, coherent intensity; empty circles, probability of random lasing.

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